Alberta Fishery Regulations, 1998
P.C. 1998-625 1998-04-23
His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, pursuant to section 43Footnote a and subsection 79.7(5)Footnote b of the Fisheries Act, hereby makes the annexed Alberta Fishery Regulations, 1998.
1 (1) The definitions in this subsection apply in these Regulations.
Act means the Fisheries Act. (Loi)
angling means fishing with hook and line. (pêche à la ligne)
bait means a substance that attracts fish by scent or flavour and includes a lure to which scent or flavouring has been added. (appât)
- bait fish
bait fish means a fish of a species set out in Part 2 of Schedule 1. (poisson-appât)
- barbless hook
barbless hook includes a hook the barbs of which are pressed against the shaft of the hook so that the barbs are not functional. (hameçon sans ardillon)
Department means the Department of Sustainable Resource Development of the Province. (ministère)
- dip net
dip net means a device consisting of a bag-like net that is mounted on a ring or frame with or without a pole or handle attached. (épuisette)
Director means the Director of Fisheries Management of the Fish and Wildlife Division of the Department. (directeur)
- fish management zone
fish management zone or zone means an area set out in Schedule 2. (zone de gestion du poisson ou ZGP)
- game fish
game fish means a fish of a species set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1. (poisson de sport)
- gill net
gill net means a net by which fish are caught by being enmeshed but that does not enclose an area of water. (filet maillant)
hook means a single or multi-pointed hook on a common shaft and includes a hook that is attached to a lure. (hameçon)
- hook size
hook size means the measurement between the shaft and the tip of a hook. (taille de l’hameçon)
Indian means an Indian within the terms of Paragraph 12 of the Memorandum of Agreement, known as the Alberta Natural Resources Transfer Agreement, being the agreement entered into between Canada and Alberta on December 14, 1929 and confirmed by the Constitution Act, 1930. (Indien)
length, in respect of a fish, means the distance measured from the tip of the snout to the tip of the tail. (longueur)
lure means a spoon, plug, jig, fly or other such device made only of feathers, fibre, rubber, wood, metal, plastic or similar materials, and that does not attract fish by scent or flavour. (leurre)
maggots means the larvae of terrestrial dipterous insects but does not include earthworms (dew-worms, nightcrawlers) or the larvae, pupae or adults of aquatic invertebrates. (asticots)
mealworms means the larvae of terrestrial coleopterous insects but does not include maggots, wax worms, earthworms or the larvae, pupae or adults of aquatic invertebrates. (vers de farine)
- mesh size
mesh size, in respect of a net, means the distance between the diagonally opposite angles of a single mesh measured
(a) after the net has been immersed in water for at least 30 minutes; and
(b) with the mesh extended without straining the twine. (maillage)
order means an order issued under subsection 3(1) in relation to any waters to which these Regulations apply. (ordonnance)
Province means the Province of Alberta. (province)
- provincial Act
provincial Act means the Fisheries (Alberta) Act, S.A. 1992, c. F-12.2. (loi provinciale)
- provincial Minister
provincial Minister means the Minister of the Government of the Province who is responsible for the administration of the provincial Act.(ministre provincial)
- seine net
seine net means a net the ends of which are brought together or hauled ashore and includes a bar seine, beach seine, drag seine, purse seine or other similar type of net. (seine)
snagging means attempting to catch or catching a fish using a hook
(a) other than to induce the fish to voluntarily take the hook in its mouth; or
(b) by intentionally piercing and hooking a fish in any part of the body other than the mouth. (casaquer)
- snagging device
snagging device means
(a) an instrument that is designed for the purpose of snagging fish; or
(b) hooks or lures that are altered to facilitate the snagging of fish. (dispositif de casaque)
sportfishing means fishing by means of angling, bow and arrow, spear, dip net, seine net or minnow trap. It does not include fishing with those methods under the authority of a licence issued under subsection 13(3) or under any licence issued under the provincial Act other than a Sportfishing Licence. (pêche sportive)
- trap net
trap net means a device that is designed to catch fish by leading the fish into an enclosure. (parc en filet)
tributary means a watercourse that flows into a body of water and includes a tributary to a tributary. (tributaire)
trout means a fish of a species set out in item 9 of Part 1 of Schedule 1. (truite)
watershed means the area drained by one stream system, the stream and all its tributaries, and includes the lakes and reservoirs within that area whether or not they are directly connected to the stream. (bassin versant)
- watershed unit
watershed unit or unit means a subdivision of a fish management zone set out in Schedule 2. (unité de bassin versant ou unité)
(2) A reference in these Regulations to a species or group of species of fish by its common name as set out in column 1 of an item of Schedule 1 shall be construed as a reference to the species or group of species of fish whose scientific name is set out in column 2 of that item.
(3) For the purposes of these Regulations, the boundary between two watersheds shall be the height of land that divides the two watersheds such that water on one side flows in one direction and water on the other side flows in a different direction.
(4) For the purposes of these Regulations, a fish is considered to be retained when it is not immediately returned to the waters from which it was taken.
(5) In these Regulations or any order, an alphanumeric reference used in the description of an area is a reference to an area of the Province established under Part 1 of the Surveys Act (Alberta), R.S.A. 1980, c. S-29.
- SOR/99-349, s. 1
- SOR/2005-296, s. 1
2 (1) Subject to subsection (2), these Regulations apply in the Province.
(2) These Regulations do not apply in respect of
(a) fishing in, or fish taken from, waters to which the National Parks Fishing Regulations apply;
(b) fishing in a fish culture facility; or
(c) fishing for, or the possession of, freshwater shrimp.
- SOR/2017-58, s. 38(F)
PART 1General Provisions
Variation of Close Times, Fishing Quotas and Limits
3 (1) If a close time, fishing quota or limit on the size or weight of fish is fixed in respect of an area under these Regulations, the Director may, by order, vary that close time, fishing quota or limit in respect of that area or any portion of it.
(2) If a close time, fishing quota or limit is varied under subsection (1), the Director shall give notice of the variation to the persons affected or likely to be affected by it, by one or more of the following methods:
(a) broadcasting the notice over a radio station that broadcasts in the area or vicinity of the area affected by the variation;
(b) communicating the notice by telephone to those persons;
(c) posting the notice in the area or in the vicinity of the area affected by the variation;
(d) having a fishery officer give oral notice of the variation to those persons;
(e) transmitting the notice via electronic means to those persons; or
(f) publishing the notice in
(i) a newspaper circulated in the vicinity of the area affected by the variation,
(ii) the Alberta Gazette,
(iii) the Guide to Sportfishing Regulations published on behalf of the Department, or
(iv) the Guide to Commercial Fishing Seasons published by the Department.
Waters Closed to All Fishing
4 Except as authorized by a Research Licence issued under the provincial Act, no person shall fish in the waters set out in column 1 of an item of Schedule 3 during a close time set out in column 2 of that item.
Possession and Use of Live Fish
5 No person shall possess live fish unless the person
(a) is authorized to do so under the provincial Act; or
(b) is engaged in angling, caught the fish in the waters in which the person is angling, and the fish are within 5 m of those waters.
- SOR/2012-21, s. 1
6 No person shall place live fish in any waters other than the waters from which they were taken unless the person is authorized to do so by a licence issued under the provincial Act.
Release of Prohibited Fish
7 Every person who catches a fish the possession or retention of which is prohibited under these Regulations or the provincial Act shall immediately return that fish to the waters from which it was caught, and, if the fish is alive, release it in a manner that causes it the least harm.
Placing of Bait in Waters of the Province
8 No person shall place or cause to be placed in any waters bait of any kind unless it is attached to a hook.
9 No person shall use any light while fishing other than a light that is attached to a hook or line used in angling.
10 No person shall engage in fishing with a snare, a firearm, a gaff hook or any device that can be used to pass an electric current through water to attract, stun or kill fish, unless the method of fishing
(a) is authorized by a licence issued under the provincial Act; and
(b) does not adversely affect the conservation or protection of the fish in the fishery to which the permit applies.
Sale of Fish
11 No person shall buy, sell, trade, barter or offer to buy, sell, trade or barter any fish unless it was caught and retained under the authority of a licence in which the sale of fish is authorized and that is issued under the Act or the provincial Act.
Molest, Disturb or Remove Fish
12 No person shall molest or disturb fish or remove fish from a facility or structure that is
(a) erected by the Department, or under the authority of a research licence issued under the provincial Act, and that is used or designed to catch or hold fish; or
(b) designed to facilitate the passage of fish.
PART 2Authority to Fish
13 (1) No person shall fish except as authorized by
(a) the provincial Act;
(b) subsection (2); or
(c) a licence issued under subsection (3).
(2) Subject to section 18, an Indian may engage in sportfishing without a licence.
(3) The provincial Minister may issue a licence to an Indian to engage in fishing solely for the purpose of catching fish for food for their personal use or for the use of their immediate family.
(4) No fee shall be charged to issue a licence under subsection (3).
13.1 For the proper management and control of fisheries and the conservation and protection of fish, the provincial Minister may specify in a licence issued under subsection 13(3) any condition that is not inconsistent with these Regulations and in particular, but not restricting the generality of the foregoing, may specify conditions respecting any of the following matters:
(a) the species of fish and the quantities of fish that are permitted to be taken or transported;
(b) the age, sex, stage of development or size of fish that are permitted to be taken or transported;
(c) the waters in which fishing is permitted to be carried out;
(d) the location from which and to which fish is permitted to be transported;
(e) the person or persons who may conduct fishing operations under the licence;
(f) the period during which fishing or transporting fish is permitted to be carried out;
(g) the vessel that is permitted to be used for fishing and the persons who are permitted to operate it;
(h) the type, size and quantity of fishing gear and equipment that are permitted to be used and the manner in which they are permitted to be used;
(i) the specific location at which fishing gear is permitted to be set;
(j) the depth of water at which fishing is permitted;
(k) the range of the depth of water within which fishing gear may be deployed;
(l) the distance to be maintained between fishing gear;
(m) information to be reported by the holder of the licence to the Department before the start of a fishing trip with respect to where and when fishing will be carried out, including the means by which, the times at which and the person to whom the report is to be made;
(n) records that the licence holder shall keep of any fishing activity carried out under the licence including the manner and form in which the records are to be kept, the times at which and the person to whom the records are to be produced and the period during which the records are to be retained;
(o) the marking or tagging of fish for the purpose of identifying the source of the fish;
(p) the segregation of fish by species before and during transport;
(q) the period within which findings and data obtained as a result of fishing are to be forwarded to the Director;
(r) the species of fish, including fish of particular sizes, that must be released and the manner in which they are to be released; and
(s) the period during which the release of fish is permitted to be carried out.
- SOR/2005-296, s. 2
- SOR/2012-21, s. 2(F)
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