Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
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Small Vessel Regulations (SOR/2010-91)

Regulations are current to 2024-05-01 and last amended on 2023-12-20. Previous Versions

PART 10Safety Precautions and Operational Requirements (continued)

Engine Start-up

 No person shall start a gasoline-powered vessel before the engine space blower has been operated for a period of not less than four minutes immediately before the engine is started.


  •  (1) No person shall permit leakage of fuel within or from a vessel.

  • (2) No person shall permit fuel or oil to be discharged from a vessel except in accordance with the provisions relating to discharges of oil or oily mixtures in the Vessel Pollution and Dangerous Chemicals Regulations.

  • (3) No person shall fuel a vessel that is at dockside or beached unless

    • (a) if the vessel is equipped with a portable fuel tank, the tank is first removed from it; or

    • (b) if the vessel is equipped with a fixed fuel tank, the person fuelling it is the only person on board.

  • (4) No person shall fuel a vessel that is equipped with a fixed fuel tank unless all electrical equipment is switched off, all doors, windows and ports are closed, all engines are shut off and all open flames, including pilot lights, are extinguished.

  • (5) No person shall carry gaseous fuel, naphtha, liquefied petroleum gas or compressed natural gas on board a vessel that is carrying passengers. However, liquefied petroleum gas may be carried on board the vessel if

    • (a) the quantity of liquefied petroleum gas does not exceed 30 kg;

    • (b) the gas cylinders are well secured and are protected from damage and from the effects of excessive variations in temperature;

    • (c) the gas cylinders are stored in an open space or in a well-ventilated location; and

    • (d) in a decked vessel, the gas cylinders are stored on an open deck in a manner that will not permit the ingress or accumulation of the gas below deck.

  • (6) No person shall carry fuel on board a vessel in a portable container that has not been designed to carry fuel.

  • SOR/2016-163, s. 44

 Any portable fuel-burning equipment or appliance used on a vessel shall be

  • (a) used only in a well-ventilated location in an open space or on an open deck;

  • (b) well secured to prevent its movement while in use; and

  • (c) when not in use, stored in a well-ventilated location that can be isolated from heat sources and ignition sources.

 The owner or operator of a vessel, or the person responsible for its maintenance, shall ensure that the fuel system on the vessel is operated within the temperature and pressure parameters set out in the manufacturer’s recommendations and instructions.

Water Sports

  •  (1) No person shall operate or permit another person to operate a vessel for the purposes of towing a person on the water or in the air

    • (a) unless a person on board other than the operator is keeping watch on every person being towed and is communicating with the operator of the vessel;

    • (b) unless there is seating space on the vessel to accommodate every person being towed;

    • (c) unless every person being towed is wearing a personal flotation device or lifejacket or the vessel carries on board the personal flotation device or lifejacket that would be required under Parts 2, 4 or 5 if the person was on board; or

    • (d) during periods of restricted visibility or in the period beginning one hour after sunset and ending at sunrise.

  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of a vessel that is operated during formal training, in an official competition or in a skill demonstration if the vessel meets the safety requirements of a governing body respecting that training, competition or demonstration.

Remote-controlled Vessels and Propeller-driven Surfboards

 No person shall

  • (a) tow themselves using a vessel that is operated by remote control; or

  • (b) operate a propeller-driven surfboard-type vessel.

Prohibition Against Careless Operation

 No person shall operate a vessel in a careless manner, without due care and attention or without reasonable consideration for other persons.

PART 11Pleasure Craft Accident Reporting

  •  (1) This section applies in a province whose government has reached an agreement with the Minister in respect of pleasure craft accident reporting procedures, if a notice confirming that agreement has been published in the Canada Gazette.

  • (2) If a pleasure craft is involved in an accident that results in injury to a person who requires medical treatment beyond first aid but not admittance to a hospital or that causes property damage estimated at more than $2,500, the operator of the pleasure craft shall complete an accident report and submit it to the Minister within 14 days after the day of the accident.

  • (3) If a pleasure craft is involved in an accident that results in a fatality, injury to a person who requires admittance to a hospital, or property damage estimated at more than $5,000, following a fire, an explosion or a collision with another vessel or other floating or fixed structure, the operator of the pleasure craft shall report the accident to the local police as soon as possible.

PART 12Repeal and Coming into Force



Coming into Force

 These Regulations come into force on the day on which they are registered.


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