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Motor Vehicle Restraint Systems and Booster Seats Safety Regulations (SOR/2010-90)

Regulations are current to 2024-02-06 and last amended on 2020-02-04. Previous Versions

PART 4CMVSS 213.2 — Booster Seats (continued)

Contactable Surfaces

Marginal note:Rigid structural elements

 Any rigid structural element underlying a contactable surface of a booster seat must not have

  • (a) a protrusion, with any padding or flexible overlay material removed, of more than 9.5 mm; or

  • (b) an exposed edge with a radius of less than 6.4 mm.

Testing

Marginal note:Dynamic testing

 A booster seat that is subjected to a dynamic test in accordance with section 3 of Test Method 213.2 must, when in any adjustment position,

  • (a) exhibit no complete separation of any load-bearing structural element, and no partial separation exposing a surface with

    • (i) a protrusion of more than 9.5 mm, or

    • (ii) a radius of less than 6.4 mm;

  • (b) remain in the same adjustment position during the test as it was in immediately before the test began, except a component of the booster seat used to ensure that the vehicle seat belt is adjusted as recommended by the manufacturer;

  • (c) except in the case of a booster seat tested with the anthropomorphic test device specified in subpart S, part 572, chapter V, title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States (revised as of October 1, 2012), limit the resultant acceleration at the location of the accelerometer mounted in the upper thorax of the anthropomorphic test device to not more than 60 g, except for intervals of not more than 3 ms;

  • (d) except in the case of a booster seat tested with the anthropomorphic test device specified in subpart S, part 572, chapter V, title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States (revised as of October 1, 2012), limit the resultant acceleration of the centre of gravity of the head of the anthropomorphic test device during the movement of the head towards the front of the vehicle to not more than 80 g, except for intervals of not more than 3 ms, unless it is established that any resultant acceleration above 80 g is caused by another part of the anthropomorphic test device striking its head;

  • (e) except in the case of a booster seat tested with the anthropomorphic test device specified in subpart S, part 572, chapter V, title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States (revised as of October 1, 2012), not allow any portion of the head of the anthropomorphic test device to pass through the vertical transverse plane — shown as the forward excursion limit in Figures 5 and 6 of Schedule 7 — that is 813 mm forward of the Z point on the standard seat assembly, measured along the SORL; and

  • (f) except in the case of a booster seat tested with the anthropomorphic test device specified in subpart S, part 572, chapter V, title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States (revised as of October 1, 2012), not allow either knee pivot point to pass through the vertical transverse plane — shown as the forward excursion limit in Figures 5 and 6 of Schedule 7 — that is 915 mm forward of the Z point on the standard seat assembly, measured along the SORL.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 25

Marginal note:Quasi-static test

 A booster seat that is subjected to a quasi-static test in accordance with section 4 of Test Method 213.2 must not deflect more than 25 mm.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 19

Information

Marginal note:Information

  •  (1) Every booster seat must have stitched onto it, indelibly moulded into or onto it, or indelibly printed on a label affixed to it in a permanent manner, the following information:

    • (a) the name and principal place of business of the company that manufactured, imported or sold the booster seat;

    • (b) the model name and number of the booster seat;

    • (c) the date of manufacture of the booster seat, as shown in Schedule 5, with the year, month and day above the corresponding wording in both official languages;

    • (d) a statement indicating that the booster seat must be used only by persons whose mass is at least 18 kg;

    • (e) a statement indicating — in units based on the International System of Units followed by the corresponding imperial units in parentheses — the mass and height range of the persons for whom the manufacturer recommends the booster seat; and

    • (f) an installation diagram that shows the booster seat occupant restrained to the vehicle by means of a continuous-loop lap and shoulder belt and the booster seat installed as recommended by the manufacturer, and

      • (i) if the booster seat is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, the booster seat secured to the vehicle by means of the tether strap, and

      • (ii) if the booster seat is equipped with a lower connector system and the manufacturer recommends its use, the booster seat secured to the vehicle by means of the lower connector system.

  • Marginal note:Official languages and print size

    (2) The information referred to in subsection (1) must be in both official languages and in characters of at least 10 points, except for the words “year/année”, “month/mois” and “day/jour” under the date of manufacture, which may be in characters of at least 8 points.

  • Marginal note:Visibility of information

    (3) The information referred to in paragraphs (1)(d) to (f) must be fully visible at all times, even when the booster seat is occupied.

Marginal note:Installation instructions

  •  (1) Every booster seat must be accompanied by printed instructions, in both official languages, that set out a step-by-step procedure, including diagrams, for

    • (a) installing and securing the booster seat in a vehicle;

    • (b) positioning a person in the booster seat; and

    • (c) adjusting every part of the booster seat.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) The instructions referred to in paragraph (1)(a) must state that the booster seat, even when unoccupied, must be firmly secured to the vehicle.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (3) The instructions must

    • (a) specify the classes of vehicles, the seating positions and the types of vehicle seat belts with which the booster seat may or may not be used;

    • (b) specify whether the booster seat may be used with a lower universal anchorage system; and

    • (c) explain the primary consequences of not following the warnings appearing on the booster seat.

  • Marginal note:Storage of instructions

    (4) Every booster seat must have a place for the storage of instructions.

[411 to 499 reserved]

PART 5CMVSS 213.3 — Restraint Systems for Disabled Persons

General

Marginal note:Interpretation

 In this Part, Test Method 213.3 means Test Method 213.3 — Restraint Systems for Disabled Persons (May 2012), published by the Department of Transport.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 22

Marginal note:Restraint of torso and crotch

 Every restraint system for disabled persons must

  • (a) restrain the upper torso by means of

    • (i) in the case of a forward-facing restraint system,

      • (A) belts passing over each shoulder, or

      • (B) a fixed or movable surface that conforms to the requirements of section 514, or

    • (ii) in the case of a rear-facing restraint system, belts passing over each shoulder;

  • (b) restrain the lower torso by means of

    • (i) a pelvic restraint making an angle of at least 45° but not more than 90° with the seating surface of the restraint system at the pelvic restraint attachment points, or

    • (ii) a fixed or movable surface that conforms to the requirements of section 514; and

  • (c) in the case of a forward-facing restraint system, restrain the crotch by means of

    • (i) a crotch belt that is connectable to the pelvic restraint or to any other device used to restrain the lower torso, or

    • (ii) a fixed or movable surface that conforms to the requirements of section 514.

Marginal note:Means of securing restraint system

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), every mass-produced restraint system for disabled persons must be designed to be secured to a vehicle

    • (a) by means of a vehicle seat belt, without using any other means of attachment; and

    • (b) if the restraint system is equipped with a lower connector system and the manufacturer recommends its use, by means of the lower connector system, without using any other means of attachment.

  • Marginal note:Restraint system with tether strap

    (2) If the mass-produced restraint system for disabled persons is equipped with a tether strap and the manufacturer recommends its use, the restraint system must be designed to be secured to a vehicle

    • (a) by means of the tether strap together with a vehicle seat belt, without using any other means of attachment; and

    • (b) if the restraint system is equipped with a lower connector system and the manufacturer recommends its use, by means of the tether strap together with the lower connector system, without using any other means of attachment.

Marginal note:Audible or visible indication

 Every mass-produced restraint system for disabled persons that is equipped with a lower connector system must provide a clear, audible indication when each connector in a lower connector system is securely attached to the lower universal anchorage system or a clear, visual indication that each connector is securely attached to the lower universal anchorage system.

Marginal note:Custom restraint system

  •  (1) Every custom restraint system for a disabled person, other than a custom restraint system for a disabled person that is designed to be used only in school buses, must be designed to be secured to a vehicle by means of a vehicle seat belt together with the tether strap provided with the restraint system, without using any other means of attachment.

  • Marginal note:Custom restraint system — school buses

    (2) Every custom restraint system for a disabled person that is designed to be used only in school buses must be designed to be secured to a school bus by either or both of the following means:

    • (a) a vehicle seat belt together with the tether strap provided with the restraint system, without using any other means of attachment; and

    • (b) belts that wrap around a school bus seat or seat back, without using any other means of attachment.

Marginal note:Flammability

 Every restraint system for disabled persons must be constructed only of materials that conform to the requirements of TSD 302.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 23

Belts, Buckles and Webbing

Marginal note:Belts

 Every belt that is part of a restraint system for disabled persons and that is designed to restrain a disabled person must not impose on the person any loads that result from the mass of the restraint system.

Marginal note:Release mechanism of a belt

 Every release mechanism of a belt used in a restraint system for disabled persons must

  • (a) be easy to locate and to operate and be readily accessible to a person assisting the disabled person;

  • (b) be designed to minimize the possibility of accidental release; and

  • (c) not be of the hook and loop fastener type (for example, a Velcro-type fastener).

Marginal note:Conformity with TSD 209

 Every belt buckle and related piece of adjustment hardware and every tether strap attachment and related piece of adjustment hardware that are part of a restraint system for disabled persons must conform to the requirements of S4.3(a)(2) and (b) of TSD 209.

Marginal note:Belts or movable surfaces designed to restrain a person — mass-produced restraint systems

 Every belt or movable surface that is part of a mass-produced restraint system for disabled persons and that is designed to restrain a disabled person must be adjustable to snugly fit a person whose mass and height are within the ranges indicated in the statement referred to in paragraph 521(1)(d), when the person is positioned in the restraint system in accordance with the instructions referred to in paragraph 524(1)(b) and the restraint system is adjusted in accordance with the instructions referred to in paragraph 524(1)(c).

Marginal note:Belt buckles — mass-produced restraint systems

 Every belt buckle that is fitted on a belt designed to restrain a disabled person in a mass-produced restraint system for disabled persons must

  • (a) under the conditions set out in section 3 of Test Method 213.3,

    • (i) not release when any force of less than 40 N is applied, and

    • (ii) release when a force of at least 40 N but not more than 62 N is applied;

  • (b) under the conditions set out in section 5 of Test Method 213.3, release when a force of not more than 71 N is applied;

  • (c) conform to the requirements of S4.3(d)(2) of TSD 209, except that the surface area of a belt buckle designed for push-button application must be at least 385 mm2;

  • (d) conform to the requirements of S4.3(g) of TSD 209; and

  • (e) not release during the dynamic tests specified in section 4 of Test Method 213.3.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 24

Marginal note:Belt buckles — custom restraint systems

 Every belt buckle that is fitted on a belt designed to restrain a disabled person in a custom restraint system for a disabled person must

  • (a) under the conditions set out in section 6 of Test Method 213.3,

    • (i) not release when any force of less than 40 N is applied, and

    • (ii) release when a force of at least 40 N but not more than 71 N is applied;

  • (b) conform to the requirements of S4.3(d)(2) of TSD 209, except that the surface area of a belt buckle designed for push-button application must be at least 385 mm2; and

  • (c) conform to the requirements of S4.3(g) of TSD 209.

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 24

Marginal note:Webbing

 Any webbing that is designed to secure a restraint system for disabled persons to a user-ready tether anchorage or to a lower universal anchorage system, or to restrain a disabled person within the restraint system, must

  • (a) when tested in accordance with S5.1(b) of TSD 209, before being tested for resistance to abrasion as specified in S5.1(d) or S5.3(c) of TSD 209, for resistance to light as specified in S5.1(e) of TSD 209 or for resistance to micro-organisms as specified in S5.1(f) of TSD 209, have a breaking strength of

    • (i) at least 15 000 N, in the case of webbing designed to secure the restraint system to the user-ready tether anchorage or to the lower universal anchorage system, or

    • (ii) at least 11 000 N, in the case of webbing designed to restrain a disabled person within the restraint system;

  • (b) when tested in accordance with S5.1(b) of TSD 209, after being tested for resistance to abrasion as specified in S5.1(d) or S5.3(c) of TSD 209, have a breaking strength of at least 75% of its initial breaking strength;

  • (c) conform to the requirements respecting breaking strength set out in S4.2(e) and (f) of TSD 209;

  • (d) in the case of a custom restraint system for a disabled person, have a width of not less than 38 mm, measured as specified in S5.1(a) of TSD 209, if contactable by the torso of a disabled person when the person is positioned in the restraint system; and

  • (e) in the case of a mass-produced restraint system for disabled persons, have a width of not less than 38 mm, measured as specified in S5.1(a) of TSD 209, if contactable by the torso of a disabled person when the person is positioned in the restraint system in accordance with the instructions referred to in paragraph 524(1)(b) and the restraint system is adjusted in accordance with the instructions referred to in paragraph 524(1)(c).

  • SOR/2013-117, s. 20
 

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