PART IIISafe Means of Passage and Access (continued)
Safe Means from Deck to Hold (continued)
17 Working space around a hatch shall be not less than 915 mm wide, unless provision is made to enable workers to remove and replace hatch covers and beams in safety.
- SOR/79-784, s. 6
18 (1) Where a worker is required to go outside of the rails or bulwarks to secure deck cargo or for any other purpose connected with the processes, means to ensure the safety of the worker shall be provided.
(2) Where deck cargo is stowed so close to the ship’s side and at such a height that the rails or bulwarks do not protect workers from falling overboard, means to enable the attachment of the derrick guys without the need for a worker to go outboard of the deck cargo shall be provided.
19 Except in cases where the special design of the lifting machinery renders provision unnecessary, fixed derrick booms shall be fitted with suitable guy preventers which shall be secured to the head of the derrick boom independently of other fittings.
PART IV[Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
20 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
21 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
22 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
23 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
24 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
25 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
26 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
27 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
28 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
29 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
30 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
31 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
32 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
33 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
34 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
35 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 402]
PART VSafety Measures During Processes
36 Precautions shall be taken to facilitate the escape of workers employed in cargo spaces or bunkers in the handling of coal or bulk cargo.
37 (1) No cargo gear shall be loaded beyond the safe working load.
(2) No load shall be left suspended from any lifting machinery unless a capable person is present in charge of the machinery while the load is so left.
(3) Derrick guys and preventers shall be secured only to such eye pads or other fittings as are suitable for the intended loads.
38 Only capable and reliable persons shall operate lifting machinery or transporting machinery, give signals to a driver of such machinery, or attend to cargo falls on winch ends or winch drums.
39 Where goods are placed on a wharf,
(a) a clear passage leading to the safe means of access required by section 8 shall be maintained; and
(b) where workers are required to go between the goods and the edge of the wharf, a space at least 915 mm in width, clear of obstructions other than fixed structures, plant, and appliances in use, shall be maintained.
- SOR/79-784, s. 9
40 (1) At hatches at which the processes are being carried on, free passage to the safe means of access required by section 11 shall not be impeded by cargo or other equipment.
(2) Cargo shall be so stowed that the safe means of access required by section 11 shall not be obstructed.
41 (1) Staging used in the processes shall be adequately constructed, supported, and where necessary, fastened.
(2) Staging used for carrying cargo between ship and shore shall not be so steep as to be unsafe.
(3) Staging that is slippery shall be sanded or otherwise made safe.
(4) Where a forklift truck is operating on wooden hatch covers, means shall be taken to distribute the weight so that a single hatch cover is not required to bear any wheel.
42 (1) While workers are on a ship for the purposes of the processes, any hatchway of a cargo or bunker space exceeding 1.52 m in depth that is not in use, and the coamings of which are less than 760 mm in height shall be fenced to a height of 915 mm or securely covered.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply during mealtimes or other short interruptions of work unless it is manifest that a dangerous condition exists.
(3) Measures similar to those referred to in subsection (1) shall be taken to protect other deck openings that are dangerous to workers.
- SOR/79-784, s. 10
43 (1) Hatch coverings shall not be used in the construction of cargo staging or for other purposes that may expose them to damage.
(2) Hatch beams and coverings shall be replaced in their correct positions on the hatches.
(3) When hatches, beams and coverings are taken off, they shall be placed clear of the hatch coamings and cargo shall not be dragged over them.
44 Where the processes are carried on at an intermediate deck, the hatch at such deck shall be
(a) completely covered; or
(b) covered to the extent of one section of hatch coverings, in which case the opening shall be fenced, and means provided to prevent objects from falling into the hold below.
45 (1) Where the working space in a hold is confined to the hatchway, cargo hooks shall not be hooked into bands or fastenings securing the loads.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to breaking out or making up slings.
46 Where the processes are carried on on a skeleton deck, adequate staging shall be provided, unless the space beneath such deck is filled to within 610 mm of such deck.
- SOR/79-784, s. 11
47 Where stacking, unstacking, stowing or unstowing, or handling in connection with the processes cannot be otherwise safely carried out, measures shall be taken, by shoring or other means, to guard against accident.
48 (1) The beams of any hatch in use for the processes shall, if not removed, be secured to prevent their displacement.
(2) Hatch coverings of the hinged or folding type shall be secured so as to prevent accidental closure.
49 Lines used for hauling loads into place shall be protected from chafing where passing around corners.
50 Chains shall not be shortened by tying knots in them.
51 Shackle pins shall be secured to prevent backing out.
52 (1) Subject to subsection (3), where the processes involve the use of a cargo fall at a hatchway, a hatch tender or signaller shall be employed for each such fall.
(2) Where married falls are used at a hatchway, one hatch tender or signaller may be employed for each pair of such falls.
(3) This section shall not apply in any case where the inspector is satisfied that the operator of the lifting machinery has a clear and unrestricted view of the processes involved.
53 Where a hatch leading to a hold more than 1.52 m in depth is not fitted with a permanent hatch coaming of a height sufficient for the protection of a hatch tender or signaller, a temporary structure sufficient to give the protection required shall be erected.
- SOR/79-784, s. 12
54 Where workers are transported to or from a ship by water for the purposes of the processes, the vessel used for such transport shall be manned, operated and equipped in accordance with the regulations pertaining to such vessel.
55 (1) Internal combustion engines shall not be used in bunkers or cargo spaces unless
(a) adequate ventilation is provided;
(b) suitable fire extinguishing equipment is readily available;
(c) exhaust pipes, connections and mufflers are tight;
(d) the exhaust is so directed as not to inconvenience the operator; and
(e) no explosives, flammable liquids or gases, or similar dangerous material is present.
(2) Operators of internal combustion engines in bunkers or cargo spaces shall not work alone.
(3) Carbon monoxide gas concentration in bunkers or cargo spaces shall not exceed 100 parts per million.
(4) Where internal combustion engines for use in the processes are to be brought on board, the officer in charge shall first be notified.
56 (1) Forklift trucks shall be fitted with overhead guards to protect the operator from a falling load, unless the nature of the processes is such as to render such guards impracticable.
(2) The brakes and steering mechanism of forklift trucks shall be maintained in good order.
57 (1) Except in an emergency, no unauthorized person shall remove or interfere with any fencing, gangway, ladder, hatch coverings, life saving boat or appliance, lights, first-aid equipment, or other things required by these Regulations to be provided.
(2) Where anything referred to in subsection (1) is removed, such thing shall be restored at the end of the period during which its removal was necessary.
58 (1) Except in an emergency, no worker shall be required to
(a) go to or from a ship other than by the safe means referred to in sections 8, 9 and 10;
(b) enter or leave a cargo space other than by the safe means of access referred to in section 11;
(c) go upon the hatch beams to adjust the gear for lifting them on or off;
(d) go on board a ship that has been fumigated until the fumigating officer has certified that it is safe to do so;
(e) carry on the processes in uncovered holds while other work is proceeding above, unless conditions are such that they are not exposed to injury from falling objects due to such other work; and
(f) operate cargo gear that does not comply with Part IV.
(2) Except in an emergency, no worker shall be required to work with or in proximity to goods that are dangerous to life or health by reason of their nature or condition unless all precautions have been taken to safeguard the workers, and to advise them of the conditions existing.
(3) Subsection (2) also applies to places where the dangerous goods referred to therein have been stowed, if the fact of such stowage constitutes a risk to workers.
59 (1) An employer shall report any case of serious accident to a worker as soon as possible after the occurrence thereof.
(2) The report shall be made to the inspector at the port where the accident happens, or if it happens at a port where there is no inspector, to the Chairman, and the report shall set out in detail all circumstances of the accident.
60 [Repealed, SOR/2007-128, s. 403]
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