Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
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Official Languages Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. 31 (4th Supp.))

Act current to 2024-06-19 and last amended on 2024-01-01. Previous Versions

PART XIGeneral (continued)

Marginal note:Review by parliamentary committee

 The administration of this Act, any regulations, policies and directives made under this Act and the reports of the Commissioner, the President of the Treasury Board and the Minister of Canadian Heritage made under this Act shall be reviewed on a permanent basis by any committee of the Senate, of the House of Commons or of both Houses of Parliament that may be designated or established for that purpose.

Marginal note:Section 126 of Criminal Code

 Section 126 of the Criminal Code does not apply to or in respect of any contravention of any provision of this Act or the regulations.

Marginal note:Parliamentary and judicial powers, privileges and immunities saved

 Nothing in this Act abrogates or derogates from any powers, privileges or immunities of members of the Senate or the House of Commons in respect of their personal offices and staff or of judges of any Court.

Marginal note:Staffing generally

 Nothing in this Act authorizes the application of official language requirements to a particular staffing action unless those requirements are objectively required to perform the functions for which the staffing action is undertaken.

Marginal note:References in Acts of Parliament to the “official languages”

 In every Act of Parliament, a reference to the “official languages” or the “official languages of Canada” shall be construed as a reference to the languages declared by subsection 16(1) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms to be the official languages of Canada.

Marginal note:Regulations

 The Governor in Council may make regulations

  • (a) prescribing anything that the Governor in Council considers necessary to effect compliance with this Act in the conduct of the affairs of federal institutions other than the Senate, House of Commons, Library of Parliament, office of the Senate Ethics Officer, office of the Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner, Parliamentary Protective Service or office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer; and

  • (b) prescribing anything that is by this Act to be prescribed by regulation of the Governor in Council.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (4th Supp.), s. 93
  • 2004, c. 7, s. 30
  • 2006, c. 9, s. 25
  • 2015, c. 36, s. 149
  • 2017, c. 20, s. 184

Marginal note:Review

  •  (1) On the 10th anniversary of the day on which this section comes into force and every 10 years after that anniversary, the Minister of Canadian Heritage shall, in consultation with the President of the Treasury Board, undertake a review of the provisions and operation of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Comprehensive analysis

    (1.1) The review undertaken under subsection (1) shall include a comprehensive analysis, over the previous ten years, of the enhancement of the vitality of the English and French linguistic minority communities and of the protection and promotion of the French language in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Indicators

    (1.2) The comprehensive analysis undertaken under subsection (1.1) may include any relevant

    • (a) indicators that are related to sectors that are essential to enhancing the vitality of English and French linguistic minority communities, including the culture, education — from early childhood to post-secondary education — health, justice, employment and immigration sectors;

    • (b) qualitative indicators; and

    • (c) quantitative indicators, including mother tongue spoken, language most often spoken at home, rate of anglicization and francization, language transfer and language of work.

  • Marginal note:Report

    (2) The Minister of Canadian Heritage shall cause a report of the review to be tabled in each House of Parliament within the first 30 days on which that House is sitting after the report has been completed.

PART XIIRelated Amendments


PART XIIIConsequential Amendments


PART XIVTransitional Provisions, Repeal and Coming into Force


 [Repealed, R.S., 1985, c. 31 (4th Supp.), s. 106]


Marginal note:Persons appointed remain in office

 The persons holding the positions referred to in subsection 34(2) immediately before the coming into force of that provision shall continue in office.

 [Repealed, 2023, c. 15, s. 51]



Coming into Force

Marginal note:Coming into force

Footnote * This Act or any provision thereof shall come into force on a day or days to be fixed by proclamation.

  • Return to footnote *[Note: Sections 1 to 93, subsection 534(3) of the Criminal Code, as enacted by section 95, and sections 96 and 98 to 109 in force September 15, 1988, and section 97 in force February 1, 1989, see SI/88-197; section 530.1 of the Criminal Code, as enacted by section 94, shall come into force in accordance with subsection 534(2) of the Criminal Code, as enacted by section 95.]


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