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Canada Elections Act (S.C. 2000, c. 9)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2021-04-20 and last amended on 2019-06-13. Previous Versions

PART 15Return of the Writ

Marginal note:Return of elected candidate

  •  (1) The returning officer, without delay after the sixth day that follows the completion of the validation of results or, if there is a recount, without delay after receiving the certificate referred to in section 308, shall declare elected the candidate who obtained the largest number of votes by completing the return of the writ in the prescribed form on the back of the writ.

  • Marginal note:Equality of votes

    (2) If there is an equality of votes between the candidates with the largest number of votes, the returning officer shall indicate that on the return of the writ.

Marginal note:Sending of documents

  •  (1) On completing the return of the writ, the returning officer shall without delay send to the Chief Electoral Officer all election documents in his or her possession together with

    • (a) a report of the returning officer’s proceedings in the prescribed form including his or her comments with respect to the state of the election documents received from election officers;

    • (b) a summary, in the prescribed form, of the number of votes cast for each candidate at each polling station; and

    • (c) all other documents that were used at the election, including documents prepared under paragraph 162(i.1).

  • Marginal note:Report re: disappearance of ballot box, etc.

    (2) In any case arising under section 296, the returning officer shall mention specially in the report the circumstances accompanying the disappearance of the ballot boxes or the lack of any statement of the vote, and the mode by which the returning officer ascertained the number of votes cast for each candidate.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 314
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 205

Marginal note:Duplicate of return to each candidate

  •  (1) The returning officer shall forward a copy of the return of the writ to each candidate.

  • Marginal note:Premature return

    (2) A premature return of the writ is deemed not to have reached the Chief Electoral Officer until it should have reached the Chief Electoral Officer in due course.

  • Marginal note:Correction of writ

    (3) The Chief Electoral Officer shall, if necessary, send back the return of the writ and any or all of the related election documents to the returning officer for completion or correction.

Marginal note:Where report made before recount

  •  (1) Where, at the time of the issue of an order under section 311 or 312, the returning officer for the electoral district in respect of which the order is made has made a return of the writ under section 314, the Chief Electoral Officer shall, on being provided with a certified copy of the order, send back to the returning officer all election documents required for use at the recount.

  • Marginal note:Duties of returning officer on recount

    (2) On receiving a judge’s certificate with respect to the result of a recount, the returning officer shall

    • (a) if the result of the recount is that a person other than the person named in the original return is to be returned, make a substitute return of the writ; or

    • (b) if the result of the recount is to confirm the return, send the papers back to the Chief Electoral Officer without delay and not make a substitute return of the writ.

  • Marginal note:Effect of substitute return

    (3) A substitute return made under paragraph (2)(a) has the effect of cancelling the original return.

Marginal note:Procedure on receipt of return by Chief Electoral Officer

 The Chief Electoral Officer, on receiving each return of the writ, shall, in the order in which the return is received,

  • (a) indicate, in a book kept by the Chief Electoral Officer for the purpose, that he or she has received it; and

  • (b) publish in the Canada Gazette the name of the candidate who was declared elected.

Marginal note:Equality of votes

 If the return of the writ indicates an equality of votes between the candidates with the largest number of votes, the Chief Electoral Officer shall without delay

  • (a) prepare and send to the Speaker of the House of Commons or, if none, two members of the House or two candidates who have been declared elected, as the case may be, a report stating that no candidate was declared elected in the electoral district because of the equality of votes; and

  • (b) publish in the Canada Gazette

    • (i) the names of the candidates between whom there was an equality of votes, and

    • (ii) notice that, as no candidate was declared elected in the electoral district because of the equality of votes, a by-election will be conducted under subsection 29(1.1) of the Parliament of Canada Act.

PART 16Communications


Marginal note:Definitions

 The definitions in this section apply in this Part.

election advertising

election advertising[Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 206]

election survey

election survey[Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 206]


network means a network as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Broadcasting Act, but does not include a temporary network operation as defined in that subsection. (réseau)

network operator

network operator means a person or undertaking to which permission has been granted by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to form and operate a network. (exploitant de réseau)

online platform

online platform includes an Internet site or Internet application whose owner or operator, in the course of their commercial activities, sells, directly or indirectly, advertising space on the site or application to persons or groups. (plateforme en ligne)

prime time

prime time, in the case of a radio station, means the time between the hours of 6 a.m. and 9 a.m., noon and 2 p.m. and 4 p.m. and 7 p.m., and, in the case of a television station, means the hours between 6 p.m. and midnight. (heures de grande écoute)

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 319
  • 2014, c. 12, s. 72
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 206

Election Advertising

Marginal note:Message must be authorized

 A candidate or registered party, or a person acting on their behalf, who causes election advertising to be conducted shall mention in or on the message that its transmission was authorized by the official agent of the candidate or by the registered agent of the party, as the case may be.

 [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 207]

Marginal note:Election advertising posters

  •  (1) No landlord or person acting on their behalf may prohibit a tenant from displaying election advertising posters on the premises to which the lease relates and no condominium corporation or any of its agents may prohibit the owner of a condominium unit from displaying election advertising posters on the premises of his or her unit.

  • Marginal note:Permitted restrictions

    (2) Despite subsection (1), a landlord, person, condominium corporation or agent referred to in that subsection may set reasonable conditions relating to the size or type of election advertising posters that may be displayed on the premises and may prohibit the display of election advertising posters in common areas of the building in which the premises are found.

Marginal note:Blackout period

  •  (1) No person shall transmit election advertising to the public in an electoral district on polling day before the close of all of the polling stations in the electoral district.

  • Marginal note:Interpretation

    (2) The transmission to the public of a notice of an event that the leader of a registered party intends to attend or an invitation to meet or hear the leader of a registered party is not election advertising for the purpose of subsection (1).

  • Definition of person

    (3) For the purpose of subsection (1), a person includes a registered party and a group within the meaning of Part 17.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 323
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 208

Marginal note:Exceptions

 Subsection 323(1) does not apply in respect of

  • (a) the transmission of a message that was transmitted to the public on what is commonly known as the Internet before the blackout period described in that subsection and that was not changed during that period; or

  • (b) the distribution during that period of pamphlets or the posting of messages on signs, posters or banners.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 324
  • 2001, c. 21, s. 16(E)
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