Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Search

Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2020-09-09 and last amended on 2020-07-01. Previous Versions

PART XVIILanguage of Accused (continued)

Marginal note:Translation of documents

  •  (1) If an order is granted under section 530, a prosecutor — other than a private prosecutor — shall, on application by the accused,

    • (a) cause the portions of an information or indictment against the accused that are in an official language that is not that of the accused or that in which the accused can best give testimony to be translated into the other official language; and

    • (b) provide the accused with a written copy of the translated text at the earliest possible time.

  • Marginal note:Original version prevails

    (2) In the case of a discrepancy between the original version of a document and the translated text, the original version shall prevail.

  • 2008, c. 18, s. 19

Marginal note:If order granted

 If an order is granted under section 530,

  • (a) the accused and his counsel have the right to use either official language for all purposes during the preliminary inquiry and trial of the accused;

  • (b) the accused and his counsel may use either official language in written pleadings or other documents used in any proceedings relating to the preliminary inquiry or trial of the accused;

  • (c) any witness may give evidence in either official language during the preliminary inquiry or trial;

  • (c.1) the presiding justice or judge may, if the circumstances warrant, authorize the prosecutor to examine or cross-examine a witness in the official language of the witness even though it is not that of the accused or that in which the accused can best give testimony;

  • (d) the accused has a right to have a justice presiding over the preliminary inquiry who speaks the official language of the accused or both official languages, as the case may be;

  • (e) the accused has a right to have a prosecutor — other than a private prosecutor — who speaks the official language of the accused or both official languages, as the case may be;

  • (f) the court shall make interpreters available to assist the accused, his counsel or any witness during the preliminary inquiry or trial;

  • (g) the record of proceedings during the preliminary inquiry or trial shall include

    • (i) a transcript of everything that was said during those proceedings in the official language in which it was said,

    • (ii) a transcript of any interpretation into the other official language of what was said, and

    • (iii) any documentary evidence that was tendered during those proceedings in the official language in which it was tendered; and

  • (h) any trial judgment, including any reasons given therefor, issued in writing in either official language, shall be made available by the court in the official language that is the language of the accused.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (4th Supp.), s. 94
  • 2008, c. 18, s. 20

Marginal note:Language used in proceeding

  •  (1) If an order is granted directing that an accused be tried before a justice of the peace, provincial court judge, judge or judge and jury who speak both official languages, the justice or judge presiding over a preliminary inquiry or trial may, at the start of the proceeding, make an order setting out the circumstances in which, and the extent to which, the prosecutor and the justice or judge may use each official language.

  • Marginal note:Right of the accused

    (2) Any order granted under this section shall, to the extent possible, respect the right of the accused to be tried in his or her official language.

  • 2008, c. 18, s. 21

Marginal note:Change of venue

 Despite any other provision of this Act but subject to any regulations made under section 533, if an order made under section 530 cannot be conveniently complied with in the territorial division in which the offence would otherwise be tried, the court shall, except if that territorial division is in the Province of New Brunswick, order that the trial of the accused be held in another territorial division in the same province.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 531
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203
  • 2008, c. 18, s. 21

Marginal note:Saving

 Nothing in this Part or the Official Languages Act derogates from or otherwise adversely affects any right afforded by a law of a province in force on the coming into force of this Part in that province or thereafter coming into force relating to the language of proceedings or testimony in criminal matters that is not inconsistent with this Part or that Act.

  • 1977-78, c. 36, s. 1

Marginal note:Regulations

 The Lieutenant Governor in Council of a province may make regulations generally for carrying into effect the purposes and provisions of this Part in the province and the Commissioner of Yukon, the Commissioner of the Northwest Territories and the Commissioner of Nunavut may make regulations generally for carrying into effect the purposes and provisions of this Part in Yukon, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut, respectively.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 533
  • 1993, c. 28, s. 78
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 144

Marginal note:Review

  •  (1) Within three years after this section comes into force, a comprehensive review of the provisions and operation of this Part shall be undertaken by any committee of the Senate, of the House of Commons or of both Houses of Parliament that may be designated or established by the Senate or the House of Commons, or by both Houses of Parliament, as the case may be, for that purpose.

  • Marginal note:Report

    (2) The committee referred to in subsection (1) shall, within a year after a review is undertaken under that subsection or within any further time that may be authorized by the Senate, the House of Commons or both Houses of Parliament, as the case may be, submit a report on the review to Parliament, including a statement of any changes that the committee recommends.

  • 2008, c. 18, s. 21.1

 [Repealed, 1997, c. 18, s. 63]

PART XVIIIProcedure on Preliminary Inquiry

Jurisdiction

Marginal note:Inquiry by justice

 If an accused who is charged with an indictable offence that is punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment is before a justice and a request has been made for a preliminary inquiry under subsection 536(4) or 536.1(3), the justice shall, in accordance with this Part, inquire into the charge and any other indictable offence, in respect of the same transaction, founded on the facts that are disclosed by the evidence taken in accordance with this Part.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 535
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 96
  • 2002, c. 13, s. 24
  • 2019, c. 25, s. 238

Marginal note:Remand by justice to provincial court judge in certain cases

  •  (1) Where an accused is before a justice other than a provincial court judge charged with an offence over which a provincial court judge has absolute jurisdiction under section 553, the justice shall remand the accused to appear before a provincial court judge having jurisdiction in the territorial division in which the offence is alleged to have been committed.

  • Marginal note:Election before justice — 14 years or more of imprisonment

    (2) If an accused is before a justice, charged with an indictable offence that is punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment, other than an offence listed in section 469, the justice shall, after the information has been read to the accused, put the accused to an election in the following words:

    You have the option to elect to be tried by a provincial court judge without a jury and without having had a preliminary inquiry; or you may elect to be tried by a judge without a jury; or you may elect to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury. If you do not elect now, you are deemed to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury. If you elect to be tried by a judge without a jury or by a court composed of a judge and jury or if you are deemed to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury, you will have a preliminary inquiry only if you or the prosecutor requests one. How do you elect to be tried?

  • Marginal note:Election before justice — other indictable offences

    (2.1) If an accused is before a justice, charged with an indictable offence — other than an offence that is punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment, an offence listed in section 469 that is not punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment or an offence over which a provincial court judge has absolute jurisdiction under section 553 —, the justice shall, after the information has been read to the accused, put the accused to an election in the following words:

    You have the option to elect to be tried by a provincial court judge without a jury; or you may elect to be tried by a judge without a jury; or you may elect to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury. If you do not elect now, you are deemed to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury. How do you elect to be tried?

  • Marginal note:Procedure where accused elects trial by provincial court judge

    (3) Where an accused elects to be tried by a provincial court judge, the justice shall endorse on the information a record of the election and shall

    • (a) where the justice is not a provincial court judge, remand the accused to appear and plead to the charge before a provincial court judge having jurisdiction in the territorial division in which the offence is alleged to have been committed; or

    • (b) where the justice is a provincial court judge, call on the accused to plead to the charge and if the accused does not plead guilty, proceed with the trial or fix a time for the trial.

  • Marginal note:Request for preliminary inquiry

    (4) If an accused referred to in subsection (2) elects to be tried by a judge without a jury or by a court composed of a judge and jury or does not elect when put to the election or is deemed under paragraph 565(1)(a) to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury, or if an accused is charged with an offence listed in section 469 that is punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment, the justice shall, subject to section 577, on the request of the accused or the prosecutor made at that time or within the period fixed by rules of court made under section 482 or 482.1 or, if there are no such rules, by the justice, hold a preliminary inquiry into the charge.

  • Marginal note:Endorsement on the information — accused referred to in subsection (2)

    (4.1) If an accused referred to in subsection (2) elects to be tried by a judge without a jury or by a court composed of a judge and jury or does not elect when put to the election or is deemed under paragraph 565(1)(a) to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury, the justice shall endorse on the information and, if the accused is in custody, on the warrant of remand, a statement showing

    • (a) the nature of the election or deemed election of the accused or that the accused did not elect, as the case may be; and

    • (b) whether the accused or the prosecutor has requested that a preliminary inquiry be held.

  • Marginal note:Endorsement on the information — other accused charged with an offence punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment

    (4.11) If an accused is before a justice, charged with an offence listed in section 469 that is punishable by 14 years or more of imprisonment, the justice shall endorse on the information and, if the accused is in custody, on the warrant of remand, a statement showing whether the accused or the prosecutor has requested that a preliminary inquiry be held.

  • Marginal note:Endorsement on the information — accused referred to in subsection (2.1)

    (4.12) If an accused referred to in subsection (2.1) elects to be tried by a judge without a jury or by a court composed of a judge and jury or does not elect when put to the election or is deemed under paragraph 565(1)(a) to have elected to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury, the justice shall endorse on the information and, if the accused is in custody, on the warrant of remand, a statement showing the nature of the election or deemed election of the accused or that the accused did not elect, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Preliminary inquiry if two or more accused

    (4.2) If two or more persons are jointly charged in an information and one or more of them make a request for a preliminary inquiry under subsection (4), a preliminary inquiry must be held with respect to all of them.

  • Marginal note:When no request for preliminary inquiry

    (4.3) If no request for a preliminary inquiry is made under subsection (4), the justice shall fix the date for the trial or the date on which the accused must appear in the trial court to have the date fixed.

  • Marginal note:Jurisdiction

    (5) Where a justice before whom a preliminary inquiry is being or is to be held has not commenced to take evidence, any justice having jurisdiction in the province where the offence with which the accused is charged is alleged to have been committed has jurisdiction for the purposes of subsection (4).

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 536
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 96
  • 2002, c. 13, s. 25
  • 2004, c. 12, s. 9
  • 2019, c. 25, s. 239
 
Date modified: