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Explosives Regulations, 2013 (SOR/2013-211)

Regulations are current to 2024-02-06 and last amended on 2023-06-03. Previous Versions

PART 9Transporting Explosives (continued)

Transporting Explosives in a Vehicle (continued)

Marginal note:Accidents and incidents

  •  (1) The driver of a vehicle that contains explosives and is involved in an accident or incident that is likely to delay the delivery of the explosives must, as soon as the circumstances permit, notify the police, the shipper and the carrier of the accident or incident and of the delay.

  • Marginal note:Report

    (2) The carrier must, as soon as the circumstances permit, report the accident or incident to an inspector. The carrier must ensure that any damaged explosives are transported as soon as the circumstances permit to any location that the Minister designates and any undamaged explosives are transported to their destination or to a safe and secure location as soon as the circumstances permit.

Transporting Explosives in a Means of Transport Other Than a Vehicle

Marginal note:Loading and unloading

  •  (1) The carrier must ensure that, while explosives are being loaded into or unloaded from a means of transport other than a vehicle, precautions that minimize the likelihood of an ignition are taken. The carrier must also ensure that only activities that are necessary for loading or unloading the explosives are carried out in the immediate vicinity.

  • Marginal note:Precautions

    (2) The carrier must ensure that precautions that prevent unauthorized people from having access to the explosives during loading or unloading are taken, as well as precautions that prevent any person in the immediate vicinity from doing anything that might increase the likelihood of an ignition.

  • Marginal note:Throwing or dropping explosives

    (3) The carrier must ensure that packages or containers of explosives are not thrown or dropped during the loading or unloading of the explosives.

  • Marginal note:Securing explosives

    (4) The carrier must ensure that the explosives are stowed and secured in a manner that eliminates any possibility of an ignition, including ignition by another item or substance that is also being transported.

Marginal note:Confirmation — shipper

  •  (1) Before delivering the explosives to the carrier, the shipper must obtain confirmation from the intended recipient of the explosives that the explosives will be

    • (a) used on the same day they are delivered and attended until they are used;

    • (b) stored in a factory magazine, licensed magazine, storage unit or dwelling in accordance with these Regulations; or

    • (c) shipped immediately to the next recipient.

  • Marginal note:Confirmation — carrier

    (2) A carrier must not load explosives into a means of transport other than a vehicle unless they have obtained confirmation from the intended recipient that they will be able to receive them at the time of delivery.

Marginal note:Transportation by vessel

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), no person shall, at a wharf or port facility, load onto or unload from a vessel packaged goods that contain 25 kg or more of explosives unless

    • (a) the quantity of explosives does not exceed 20 000 kg and the explosives are loaded or unloaded by driving a single vehicle directly aboard a roll-on, roll-off cargo vessel immediately before departing, or driving it ashore immediately after arrival, on a last-on, first-off basis; or

    • (b) a quantified risk assessment that meets the requirements of subsection (5) has been conducted on the wharf or port facility where explosives of the types in question will be loaded or unloaded and an inspector has determined that the quantity of explosives to be loaded or unloaded does not exceed the maximum quantity permitted for each type of explosive and hazard category in the assessment report and the safety measures set out in the report are complied with.

  • Marginal note:Additional safety measures

    (2) An inspector who makes the determination referred to in paragraph (1)(b) must impose any additional safety measures that are necessary for the safe loading and unloading of the explosives.

  • Marginal note:Maximum waiting time

    (3) If explosives are loaded or unloaded under paragraph (1)(a), the maximum waiting time of the vehicle dockside is 30 minutes and during that time the vehicle must be parked as far as possible from all areas used by the general public or for the handling or storage of other cargo.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (4) Subsections (1) and (3) do not apply to explosives included in Class 1.4S of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code, published by the International Maritime Organization.

  • Marginal note:Quantified risk assessment — requirements

    (5) The quantified risk assessment must meet the following requirements:

    • (a) its methodology must be approved by the Chief Inspector of Explosives;

    • (b) it must be conducted by a person who is qualified to carry out quantified risk assessments of activities involving explosives;

    • (c) it must establish safety measures, including quantity limits, for loading and unloading the types of explosives in question, taking into account the hazard categories of the explosives;

    • (d) the safety measures must ensure that the risk of harm to people and property resulting from loading or unloading the explosives does not increase the risk to people who are not involved in loading or unloading the explosives or the risk to property; and

    • (e) the safety measures must be set out in a report that has been approved by an inspector.

  • Marginal note:Approval of methodology — criteria

    (6) The Chief Inspector of Explosives must approve the methodology to be used in a quantified risk assessment if he or she determines that the methodology is capable of accurately calculating the risks to people and property resulting from the loading and unloading of explosives at the wharf or port facility to be assessed, taking into account

    • (a) the types of explosives that will be loaded or unloaded and the quantity of each type;

    • (b) the hazard categories of the explosives;

    • (c) the structure of the vessel onto which the explosives will be loaded or from which they will be unloaded;

    • (d) the distance between the explosives and people likely to be in the vicinity;

    • (e) the characteristics, proximity and use of the surrounding structures and infrastructure; and

    • (f) the activities that are likely to be carried out in the vicinity.

  • Marginal note:Approval of report — criteria

    (7) An inspector to whom a quantified risk assessment report has been submitted must approve the report if he or she determines that the safety measures in it meet the requirements referred to in paragraphs (5)(c) and (d).

PART 10Military Explosives and Law Enforcement Explosives

Marginal note:Overview

 This Part authorizes the acquisition, storage and sale of military explosives (type D) and law enforcement explosives (type D) and sets out the rules for sellers and users.

Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply in this Part.

law enforcement agency

law enforcement agency means a police force, the Correctional Service of Canada or the Canada Border Services Agency. (organisme d’application de la loi)

licence

licence means a licence that authorizes the storage of the military explosives or law enforcement explosives to be sold or acquired. (licence)

user

user means a person, or a law enforcement agency, that acquires military explosives or law enforcement explosives for use. (utilisateur)

  • SOR/2016-75, s. 23

Rules for Sellers

Marginal note:Acquisition for sale

 A seller may acquire, store and sell military explosives or law enforcement explosives if they hold a licence. A seller who acquires military explosives or law enforcement explosives must comply with this Part.

Marginal note:Storage

  •  (1) A seller must store their military explosives and law enforcement explosives in the magazine specified in their licence.

  • Marginal note:No display for sale

    (2) A seller must not display military explosives or law enforcement explosives for sale.

Marginal note:Sale — licensed buyer

  •  (1) A seller may sell military explosives or law enforcement explosives only to a buyer who holds a licence.

  • Marginal note:Maximum quantity

    (2) A seller must not sell more military explosives or law enforcement explosives to a buyer than the buyer is authorized by their licence to store.

  • Marginal note:Sale — certain entities

    (3) Despite subsection (1), a seller may sell the following explosives to the following buyers even if the buyer is unlicensed:

    • (a) military explosives and law enforcement explosives to the Department of National Defence and to any armed forces cooperating with the Canadian Forces; and

    • (b) military explosives, hazard category PE 3 or PE 4, and law enforcement explosives, hazard category PE 3 or PE 4, to a police force operating in Canada.

Marginal note:Record of sale

 A seller must keep a record of every sale of military explosives or law enforcement explosives in a secure location for two years after the date of the sale. The record must include the following information:

  • (a) the name and address of the individual who bought the explosives and, if applicable, the name of the entity for which the explosives were acquired;

  • (b) in the case of a licensed buyer, the licence number and expiry date;

  • (c) the product name of each explosive sold and the name of the person who obtained its authorization;

  • (d) the quantity of explosives sold under each product name; and

  • (e) the date of the sale.

Rules for Users

Marginal note:Acquisition — licensed user

  •  (1) A user may acquire and store military explosives or law enforcement explosives if they hold a licence. A user who acquires military explosives or law enforcement explosives must comply with subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Storage — licensed user

    (2) A user must store their military explosives and law enforcement explosives in the magazine specified in their licence.

Marginal note:Acquisition — exception

  •  (1) Despite subsection 210(1), a law enforcement agency may acquire and store military explosives, hazard category PE 3 or PE 4, or law enforcement explosives, hazard category PE 3 or PE 4, even if the agency is unlicensed. A law enforcement agency that acquires such explosives must comply with subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Storage — exception

    (2) The explosives must be stored away from flammable substances and sources of ignition, in a manner that prevents them from being stolen and ensures that access to them is limited to people authorized by the law enforcement agency.

  • SOR/2016-75, s. 24

PART 11Industrial Explosives

Marginal note:Overview

 This Part authorizes the acquisition, storage and sale of explosives that are used for industrial purposes and sets out the rules for sellers and users.

Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply in this Part.

industrial explosive

industrial explosive means the following types of explosive:

  • (a) E.1 — blasting explosives;

  • (b) E.2 — perforating explosives;

  • (c) E.3 — special-application explosives;

  • (d) I — initiation systems; and

  • (e) P.1 — black powder and hazard category PE 1 black powder substitutes, when they are used in mining, quarrying, construction or avalanche control. (explosif industriel)

licence

licence means a licence that is issued by the Minister and authorizes storage of the type of industrial explosive to be sold or acquired. (licence)

manufacturing certificate

manufacturing certificate means a certificate that authorizes the manufacture and storage of the type of industrial explosive to be acquired or manufactured. (certificat de fabrication)

user

user means a person who acquires industrial explosives for use or conveyance. (utilisateur)

Rules for Sellers

Marginal note:Acquisition for sale

 A seller may acquire, store and sell industrial explosives if they hold a licence. A seller who acquires industrial explosives must comply with this Part.

Marginal note:Storage

 A seller must store their industrial explosives in the magazine specified in their licence.

Marginal note:No display for sale

 A seller must not display industrial explosives for sale.

Marginal note:Sale — authorized buyer

  •  (1) A seller may sell industrial explosives only to a buyer who holds a licence or a manufacturing certificate or who is authorized by a competent provincial or territorial authority to store industrial explosives at a mine site or quarry.

  • Marginal note:Maximum quantity

    (2) A seller must not sell more industrial explosives to a buyer than the buyer is authorized by their licence, certificate or provincial or territorial authorization to store.

Marginal note:Information on packaging

  •  (1) A seller must mark the number of the buyer’s licence, manufacturing certificate or provincial or territorial authorization in a clear and permanent manner

    • (a) on the outer packaging or container of the explosives if the outer packaging or the container is sealed; or

    • (b) on the inner packaging of each explosive or each reel of detonating cord if the outer packaging or the container is not sealed.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to

    • (a) the outer packaging or containers of explosives if the number is contained in a barcode or matrix code that is printed on the packaging or container;

    • (b) containers holding explosives in bulk;

    • (c) intermediate bulk containers holding explosives in bulk; or

    • (d) plastic bags that meet the requirements of UN packaging code 5H4.

 

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