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Criminal Code

Version of section 321 from 2003-01-01 to 2019-06-16:

Marginal note:Definitions

 In this Part,


break means

  • (a) to break any part, internal or external, or

  • (b) to open any thing that is used or intended to be used to close or to cover an internal or external opening; (effraction)

credit card

credit card means any card, plate, coupon book or other device issued or otherwise distributed for the purpose of being used

  • (a) on presentation to obtain, on credit, money, goods, services or any other thing of value, or

  • (b) in an automated teller machine, a remote service unit or a similar automated banking device to obtain any of the services offered through the machine, unit or device; (carte de crédit)


document means any paper, parchment or other material on which is recorded or marked anything that is capable of being read or understood by a person, computer system or other device, and includes a credit card, but does not include trade-marks on articles of commerce or inscriptions on stone or metal or other like material; (document)

exchequer bill

exchequer bill means a bank-note, bond, note, debenture or security that is issued or guaranteed by Her Majesty under the authority of Parliament or the legislature of a province; (bon du Trésor)

exchequer bill paper

exchequer bill paper means paper that is used to manufacture exchequer bills; (papier de bons du Trésor)

false document

false document means a document

  • (a) the whole or a material part of which purports to be made by or on behalf of a person

    • (i) who did not make it or authorize it to be made, or

    • (ii) who did not in fact exist,

  • (b) that is made by or on behalf of the person who purports to make it but is false in some material particular,

  • (c) that is made in the name of an existing person, by him or under his authority, with a fraudulent intention that it should pass as being made by a person, real or fictitious, other than the person who makes it or under whose authority it is made; (faux document)

revenue paper

revenue paper means paper that is used to make stamps, licences or permits or for any purpose connected with the public revenue. (papier de revenu)

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 321
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 42

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