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National Defence Act

Version of section 203.3 from 2019-06-21 to 2022-06-19:

Marginal note:Other sentencing principles

 A service tribunal that imposes a sentence shall also take into consideration the following principles:

  • (a) a sentence should be increased or reduced to account for any relevant aggravating or mitigating circumstances relating to the offence or the offender, and aggravating circumstances include, but are not restricted to, evidence establishing that

    • (i) the offender, in committing the offence, abused their rank or other position of trust or authority,

    • (ii) the offence was motivated by bias, prejudice or hate based on race, national or ethnic origin, language, colour, religion, sex, age, mental or physical disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity or expression, or on any other similar factor,

    • (iii) the offender, in committing the offence, abused their spouse or common-law partner,

    • (iv) the offender, in committing the offence, abused a person under the age of 18 years,

    • (v) the commission of the offence resulted in substantial harm to the conduct of a military operation,

    • (vi) the offence was committed in a theatre of hostilities,

    • (vii) the offence was committed for the benefit of, at the direction of or in association with a criminal organization, or

    • (viii) the offence was a terrorism offence;

  • (b) a sentence should be similar to sentences imposed on similar offenders for similar offences committed in similar circumstances;

  • (c) an offender should not be deprived of liberty by imprisonment or detention if less restrictive punishments may be appropriate in the circumstances;

  • (c.1) all available punishments, other than imprisonment and detention, that are reasonable in the circumstances and consistent with the harm done to victims or to the community should be considered for all offenders, with particular attention to the circumstances of Aboriginal offenders;

  • (d) a sentence should be the least severe sentence required to maintain the discipline, efficiency and morale of the Canadian Forces; and

  • (e) any indirect consequences of the finding of guilty or the sentence should be taken into consideration.

  • 2013, c. 24, s. 62
  • 2019, c. 15, s. 63

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