Offences and Punishment (continued)
Marginal note:Offence outside Canada
56 Every licensee who resides or carries on business in Canada and commits, outside Canada, an act or omission that would, if committed in Canada, be an offence under paragraph 48(c) or under paragraph 48(i) in relation to its licence, is deemed to have committed that act or omission in Canada.
Marginal note:Trial of offence
57 A prosecution for an offence under this Act may be instituted, heard and determined in the place where the offence was committed, the subject-matter of the prosecution arose, the accused is resident or the accused is carrying on business.
Marginal note:Absolute or conditional discharge
58 (1) Where an offender has pleaded guilty to or been found guilty of an offence under this Act, the court may, instead of convicting the offender, order that the offender be discharged absolutely or on conditions that have any or all of the effects described in paragraphs 60(1)(a) to (j).
Marginal note:Application by prosecutor
(2) Where an offender contravenes an order made under subsection (1) or is convicted of any other offence under this Act that is committed after the order under subsection (1) was made, the prosecutor may apply to the court to revoke the discharge, convict the offender of the offence to which the discharge relates and impose any sentence that could have been imposed if the offender had been convicted at the time the order was made.
Marginal note:Suspended sentence
59 (1) Where an offender is convicted of an offence under this Act, the court may suspend the passing of sentence and may order that the accused comply with any condition having any or all of the effects described in paragraphs 60(1)(a) to (j).
Marginal note:Application by prosecutor
(2) Where the offender contravenes an order made under subsection (1) or is convicted of any other offence under this Act that is committed after the order under subsection (1) was made, the prosecutor may apply to the court to impose any sentence that could have been imposed if the passing of sentence had not been suspended.
Marginal note:Orders of court
60 (1) Where an offender has been convicted of an offence under this Act, in addition to any other punishment that may be imposed under this Act, the court may make an order having any or all of the following effects:
(a) prohibiting the offender from committing any act or engaging in any activity that may, in the opinion of the court, result in the continuation or repetition of the offence;
(b) directing the offender to take any measure that the court considers appropriate to protect the environment or the health or safety of persons from harm resulting from the act or omission that constituted the offence, or to remedy such harm;
(c) directing the offender to publish, in the prescribed manner and at the offender’s own expense, the facts relating to the conviction;
(d) directing the offender to notify, in the prescribed manner and at the offender’s own expense, any person who is affected by the offender’s conduct, of the facts relating to the conviction;
(e) directing the offender to post a bond or pay an amount of money into court that the court considers appropriate to ensure compliance with any order, prohibition, direction or requirement provided for in this subsection;
(f) directing the offender to submit to the Commission, on application to the court by the Commission made within three years after the date of conviction, such information with respect to the activities of the offender as the court considers appropriate in the circumstances;
(g) directing the offender to compensate the Commission, in whole or in part, for the cost of any remedial or preventive measure taken by or caused to be taken on behalf of the Commission as a result of the act or omission that constituted the offence;
(h) directing the offender to perform community service, subject to such reasonable conditions as may be imposed by the court on the recommendation of the Commission;
(i) directing the offender to pay an amount for the purposes of conducting research into the use and disposal of any nuclear substance, prescribed equipment or nuclear facility in respect of which the offence was committed; or
(j) requiring the offender to comply with such other conditions as the court considers appropriate in the circumstances for securing the offender’s good conduct and for preventing the offender from repeating the same offence or committing any other offence under this Act.
Marginal note:Coming into force and duration of order or condition
(2) An order made under subsection (1), 58(1) or 59(1) shall come into force on the day on which the order is made or on such other day as the court may determine and shall not continue in force for more than three years after that day.
Marginal note:Additional fine
61 Where a person has been convicted of an offence under this Act and the court is satisfied that, as a result of the commission of the offence, monetary benefits accrued to the person, the court may order the person to pay, notwithstanding the maximum amount of any fine that may otherwise be imposed under this Act, an additional fine in an amount equal to the court’s estimation of the amount of the monetary benefits.
Marginal note:Compensation for loss of property
62 (1) Where an offender has been convicted of an offence under this Act, in addition to any sentence imposed, the court may, at the time sentence is imposed and on the application of any person who has suffered loss of, or damage to, property, as a result of the commission of the offence, order the offender to pay to that person, within such period as the court considers reasonable, an amount of compensation for the loss or damage.
(2) Where an amount that is ordered to be paid under subsection (1) is not paid within the period specified, the applicant may, by filing the order in the superior court of the province in which the trial was held, enter the amount ordered to be paid as a judgment, and such a judgment is enforceable against the offender in the same manner as if it were a judgment rendered against the offender in that court in civil proceedings.
Marginal note:Variation of sanctions
63 (1) Where a court has made an order under section 58, 59 or 60 in relation to an offender, the court may, on application by the offender or the Attorney General of Canada, require the offender to appear before the court and, after hearing the offender and the Attorney General, may vary the order in one or any combination of the following ways that is applicable and, in the opinion of the court, is rendered desirable by a change in the circumstances of the offender since the order was made, namely,
(a) make changes in the order or the conditions specified in the order or extend the period for which the order is to remain in force for such period, not exceeding one year, as the court considers desirable; or
(b) decrease the period for which the order is to remain in force or relieve the offender, either absolutely or partially or for such period as the court considers desirable, of compliance with any condition that is specified in the order.
(2) Before varying an order under subsection (1), the court may direct that notice be given to any persons that the court considers to be interested in the order and may hear any or all of those persons.
Marginal note:Subsequent applications with leave
(3) Where an application made under subsection (1) in respect of an offender has been heard by a court, no other application may be made with respect to the order except with leave of the court.
Marginal note:Application of Nuclear Liability and Compensation Act
64 Nothing in section 58, 59, 60, 62 or 63 shall be construed as restricting
- 1997, c. 9, s. 64
- 2015, c. 4, s. 125
65 (1) Where an offender is required by an order made under section 58, 59 or 60 to comply with a condition having the effect described in paragraph 60(1)(c) and the offender fails to comply with the condition, the Commission may publish the facts in the manner referred to in that paragraph and may recover the costs of publication from the offender.
Marginal note:Debt due to Her Majesty
(2) Where the Commission incurs publication costs under subsection (1) or an offender is required by an order made under section 58, 59 or 60 to comply with a condition having the effect described in paragraph 60(1)(g), the costs and any interest thereon constitute a debt due to Her Majesty in right of Canada and may be recovered as such in any court of competent jurisdiction or in any manner provided for by law.
Administrative Monetary Penalties
65.01 The Commission may
(a) establish the form of notices of violation;
(b) designate inspectors, or designated officers, who are authorized to issue notices of violation;
(c) establish, in respect of each violation, a short-form description to be used in notices of violation; and
(d) designate designated officers to conduct reviews under section 65.13.
- 2012, c. 19, s. 130
- Date modified: