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Cannabis Act

Version of section 87 from 2023-01-14 to 2024-05-28:


Marginal note:Information for search warrant

  •  (1) A justice who, on ex parte application, is satisfied by information on oath that there are reasonable grounds to believe that any of the following is in a place may, at any time, issue a warrant authorizing a peace officer, at any time, to search the place for it and to seize it:

    • (a) cannabis in respect of which this Act has been contravened;

    • (b) anything in which cannabis in respect of which this Act has been contravened is contained or concealed;

    • (c) offence-related property; or

    • (d) anything that will afford evidence in respect of an offence under this Act or an offence, in whole or in part, in relation to a contravention of this Act, under section 354 or 462.31 of the Criminal Code.

  • Marginal note:Application of section 487.1 of the Criminal Code

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the information may be submitted by telephone or other means of telecommunication in accordance with section 487.1 of the Criminal Code, with any necessary modifications.

  • Marginal note:Execution of warrant

    (3) A warrant issued under subsection (1) may be executed at any place in Canada. Any peace officer who executes the warrant must have authority to act as a peace officer in the place where it is executed.

  • Marginal note:Duty of peace officer executing warrant

    (4) Section 487.093 of the Criminal Code, other than paragraph 487.093(1)(c), applies with respect to a warrant issued under subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Search of person and seizure

    (5) If a peace officer who executes a warrant issued under subsection (1) has reasonable grounds to believe that any individual found in the place referred to in the warrant has on them any cannabis, property or thing referred to in the warrant, the peace officer may search the individual for it and seize it.

  • Marginal note:Seizure of other things

    (6) A peace officer who executes a warrant issued under subsection (1) may seize, in addition to any cannabis, property or thing referred to in the warrant,

    • (a) any cannabis in respect of which the peace officer believes on reasonable grounds that this Act has been contravened;

    • (b) anything that the peace officer believes on reasonable grounds contains or conceals cannabis;

    • (c) anything that the peace officer believes on reasonable grounds is offence-related property; or

    • (d) anything that the peace officer believes on reasonable grounds will afford evidence in respect of an offence under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Where warrant not necessary

    (7) A peace officer may exercise any of the powers described in subsection (1), (5) or (6) without a warrant if the conditions for obtaining a warrant exist but by reason of exigent circumstances it would be impracticable to obtain one.

  • Marginal note:Seizure of additional things

    (8) A peace officer who executes a warrant issued under subsection (1) or exercises powers under subsection (5) or (7) may seize, in addition to any cannabis, property or thing referred to in the warrant and in subsection (6), anything that the peace officer believes on reasonable grounds has been obtained by or used in the commission of an offence or that will afford evidence in respect of an offence.

  • 2018, c. 16, s. 87
  • 2019, c. 25, s. 400.1
  • 2022, c. 17, s. 74

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