Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations (SOR/2013-24)

Regulations are current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2015-07-16. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Value
  •  (1) The CO2 emission value for the following heavy-duty engines corresponds to the emission value of the tested engine configuration referred to in section 235(a) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1036, subpart C, of the CFR, for the engine family, measured in accordance with the following duty cycles, taking into account sections 108(d) to (f) and 150(g) of subpart B, sections 235(b) and 241(c) and (d) of subpart C and subparts E and F of part 1036, Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, of the CFR:

    • (a) for medium heavy-duty engines and heavy heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines designed to be used in tractors or incomplete tractors, the steady state duty cycle;

    • (b) for medium heavy-duty engines and heavy heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines designed to be used in both vocational vehicles or incomplete vocational vehicles and tractors or incomplete tractors, the steady state duty cycle and transient duty cycle; and

    • (c) for engines other than those referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b), the transient duty cycle.

  • Marginal note:Engine configuration

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the tested engine configuration for the model year in question is determined using the engine sales in Canada if none of the engines of the engine family are sold in the United States.

Marginal note:Calculation using fleets and subfleets
  •  (1) A company may elect to comply with section 30 or subsection 31(2) by grouping all its heavy-duty engines of a given model year into fleets in accordance with section 18 and participating in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47.

  • Marginal note:CO2 family certification level

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), every heavy-duty engine within a fleet must conform to the CO2 family certification level for the fleet that corresponds to the deteriorated emission level value determined for B in the formula set out in paragraph 35(1)(d).

CO2 Emission Credit System

Calculation of Credits and Deficits

Marginal note:Credits
  •  (1) For the purposes of subparagraph 162(1)(b)(i) of the Act, a company obtains CO2 emission credits if the CO2 emissions for a fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, of heavy-duty vehicles or heavy-duty engines of a given model year are lower than the CO2 emission standard applicable to that fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, and for that model year, and the company reports the credits in its end of model year report in accordance with section 48.

  • Marginal note:Deficits

    (2) A company incurs deficits if the CO2 emissions for a fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, of heavy-duty vehicles or heavy-duty engines of a given model year are higher than the CO2 emission standard applicable to that fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, and for that model year, and the company reports the deficits in its end of model year report in accordance with section 48.

Marginal note:Calculation
  •  (1) A company must calculate the credits or deficits for each of its fleets or subfleets, as the case may be, using the equation set out in one of the following paragraphs, whichever applies:

    • (a) for Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles and cab-complete vehicles, excluding those referred to in the definition vocational vehicle in subsection 1(1),

      ECD = ((A – B) × C × D) ÷ (1 000 000)

      where

      ECD
      is the number of credits, if the result is positive, or the number of deficits, if the result is negative, expressed in megagrams of CO2 and rounded in accordance with subsection 35(2),
      A
      is the fleet average CO2 emission standard calculated in accordance with section 22, expressed in grams of CO2 per mile,
      B
      is the fleet average CO2 emission value calculated in accordance with section 23, expressed in grams of CO2 per mile,
      C
      is the number of vehicles in the fleet, and
      D
      is the useful life for the vehicle, namely, 120,000 miles;
    • (b) for vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles and subject to subsection 38(2) and clause 41(1)(b)(ii)(A),

      ECD = ((A – B) × C × D × E) ÷ (1 000 000)

      where

      ECD
      is the number of credits, if the result is positive, or the number of deficits, if the result is negative, expressed in megagrams of CO2 and rounded in accordance with subsection 35(2),
      A
      is the CO2 emission standard under subsection 26(1) that applies to the vehicles of the subfleet, expressed in grams of CO2 per tonne-mile,
      B
      is the CO2 family emission limit and corresponds to the CO2 emission rate for the subfleet of vehicles, expressed in grams of CO2 per tonne-mile, determined in accordance with subsection 26(2),
      C
      is the payload for the class of vehicles, as follows:
      • () 2.85 tonnes for Class 2B, Class 3, Class 4 and Class 5,

      • () 5.6 tonnes for Class 6 and Class 7, and

      • () 7.5 tonnes for Class 8,

      D
      is the number of vehicles in the subfleet, and
      E
      is the useful life for the class of vehicles, as follows:
      • () 110,000 miles for Class 2B, Class 3, Class 4 and Class 5,

      • () 185,000 miles for Class 6 and Class 7, and

      • () 435,000 miles for Class 8;

    • (c) for tractors and incomplete tractors and subject to subsection 38(2) and clause 41(1)(b)(ii)(B),

      ECD = ((A – B) × C × D × E) ÷ (1 000 000)

      where

      ECD
      is the number of credits, if the result is positive, or the number of deficits, if the result is negative, expressed in megagrams of CO2 and rounded in accordance with subsection 35(2),
      A
      is the CO2 emission standard under subsection 27(1) that applies to the tractors and incomplete tractors of the subfleet, expressed in grams of CO2 per tonne-mile,
      B
      is the CO2 family emission limit and corresponds to the CO2 emission rate for the subfleet of tractors and incomplete tractors, expressed in grams of CO2 per tonne-mile, determined in accordance with subsection 27(2),
      C
      is the payload for the class of tractors and incomplete tractors, as follows:
      • () 12.5 tonnes for Class 7, and

      • () 19 tonnes for Class 8,

      D
      is the number of tractors and incomplete tractors in the subfleet, and
      E
      is the useful life for the class of tractors or incomplete tractors, as the case may be, as follows:
      • () 185,000 miles for Class 7, and

      • () 435,000 miles for Class 8; and

    • (d) for heavy-duty engines and subject to subparagraph 41(1)(c)(iii),

      ECD = ((A – B) × C × D × E) ÷ (1 000 000)

      where

      ECD
      is the number of credits, if the result is positive, or the number of deficits, if the result is negative, expressed in megagrams of CO2 and rounded in accordance with subsection 35(2),
      A
      is the CO2 emission standard that applies to the fleet of heavy-duty engines under section 30 or subsection 31(2), as the case may be, expressed in grams per BHP-hr,
      B
      is the CO2 family certification level for the fleet and corresponds to the CO2 deteriorated emission level value, using the applicable emission value calculated in accordance with section 32 and subject to subsection (3), expressed in grams of CO2 per BHP-hr,
      C
      is the transient cycle conversion factor calculated in accordance with the applicable variable “CF” in section 705(b) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1036, subpart H, of the CFR,
      D
      is the number of engines in the fleet, and
      E
      is the useful life for the engine, as follows:
      • () 110,000 miles for spark-ignition engines, and

      • () for the following compression-ignition engines:

        • (A) 110,000 miles for light heavy-duty engines,

        • (B) 185,000 miles for medium heavy-duty engines, and

        • (C) 435,000 miles for heavy heavy-duty engines.

  • Marginal note:Fleets

    (2) The credits or deficits for each averaging set of heavy-duty vehicles and heavy-duty engines are determined by adding the credits and deficits for all fleets and subfleets, if applicable. The credits and deficits must be added together before rounding and the result must be rounded to the nearest megagram of CO2.

  • Marginal note:Duty cycle

    (3) In the case of medium heavy-duty engines and heavy heavy-duty engines that are designed to be used in both vocational vehicles or incomplete vocational vehicles and in tractors or incomplete tractors, a company must select the duty cycle set out in paragraph 32(1)(b) that corresponds to the vehicle in which the engine is installed for the purpose of calculating the value determined for B in the formula set out in paragraph (1)(d).

 
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