Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations (SOR/2013-24)

Regulations are current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2015-07-16. Previous Versions

Emission Control Systems

Marginal note:On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations
  •  (1) An emission control system that is installed in a heavy-duty vehicle or heavy-duty engine for the purpose of conforming to the standards set out in these Regulations must comply with subsection 11(1) of the On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations.

  • Marginal note:Defeat device

    (2) A heavy-duty vehicle or heavy-duty engine must not be equipped with a defeat device.

  • Marginal note:Test procedures

    (3) Subsections 11(3) and (4) of the On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations apply except that the test procedures in question are the ones set out in these Regulations.

Adjustable Parameters

Marginal note:Definition
  •  (1) In this section, adjustable parameter means a device, system or element of design that is capable of being adjusted to affect the emissions or performance of a heavy-duty vehicle or heavy-duty engine during emission testing or normal in-use operation, but does not include a device, system or element of design that is permanently sealed by the vehicle or engine manufacturer or that is inaccessible using ordinary tools.

  • Marginal note:Standards

    (2) A heavy-duty vehicle or heavy-duty engine that is equipped with adjustable parameters must comply with the applicable standards under these Regulations for any specification within the adjustable range.

  • Marginal note:Adjustable roof fairing

    (3) The adjustable roof fairing of a tractor is not an adjustable parameter for the purposes of this section.

Air Conditioning Systems

Marginal note:Standards

 A heavy-duty vehicle or heavy-duty incomplete vehicle — other than a vocational vehicle or incomplete vocational vehicle — that is equipped with an air conditioning system must conform to section 115(c) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart B, of the CFR.

Small Volume Companies — Tractors and Vocational Vehicles

Marginal note:Exemption
  •  (1) A company may elect, for a given model year, to not comply with the CO2 emission standards set out in subsection 26(1) or 27(1), as the case may be, for its tractors and vocational vehicles and, in the case of tractors and vocational vehicles covered by an EPA certificate, the company may elect to not comply with subsection 13(4), if the following conditions are met:

    • (a) it manufactured or imported in 2011 for sale in Canada in total less than 200 tractors and vocational vehicles;

    • (b) its average number of tractors and vocational vehicles manufactured or imported for sale in Canada for the three most recent consecutive model years preceding the model year is less than 200; and

    • (c) it reports this election in its end of model year report in accordance with section 48.

  • Marginal note:CO2 emission credit system

    (2) A company that makes the election referred to in subsection (1) must not participate in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47 for the model year in question.

  • Marginal note:Merger

    (3) If a company merges with one or more companies after the day on which these Regulations come into force, the company that results from the merger may make the election referred to in subsection (1) if the number of vocational vehicles and tractors manufactured or imported for sale in Canada by the merged companies under each of paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) is less than 200.

  • Marginal note:Acquisition

    (4) If a company acquires one or more companies after the day on which these Regulations come into force, it must

    • (a) in the case where the company made the election referred to in subsection (1) before the acquisition, recalculate the number of vocational vehicles and tractors that it manufactured or imported for sale in Canada under each of paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) by adding to that number the number of tractors and vocational vehicles of each of the acquired companies and report it in its first end of model year report following the acquisition; or

    • (b) in the case where the company makes the election referred to in subsection (1) after the acquisition, calculate the number of vocational vehicles and tractors that it manufactured or imported for sale in Canada under each of paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) by adding to that number the number of tractors and vocational vehicles of each of the acquired companies.

Composition of Fleets

Definition of fleet

  •  (1) In these Regulations, fleet refers to the heavy-duty vehicles and heavy-duty engines that a company imports or manufactures in Canada for the purpose of sale in Canada to the first retail purchaser, that are grouped in accordance with this section for the purpose of conforming to sections 21 to 23 or for the purpose of participation in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47.

  • Marginal note:Exclusions

    (2) A company may elect to exclude from its fleets

    • (a) the heavy-duty vehicles and heavy-duty engines that it manufactures and that will be used in Canada solely for the purpose of exhibition, demonstration, evaluation or testing, if it reports that election in its end of model year report; and

    • (b) the heavy-duty vehicles and heavy-duty engines that it imports solely for the purpose of exhibition, demonstration, evaluation or testing, if it makes a declaration in accordance with section 60 and it reports that election in its end of model year report.

  • Marginal note:Fleet composition

    (3) A company may group heavy-duty vehicles and heavy-duty engines of the same model year into more than one fleet as follows:

    • (a) in the case of heavy-duty vehicles and subject to subsections (4) to (7), each fleet is composed solely of the vehicles referred to in one of the following subparagraphs:

      • (i) subject to section 25 and subsection 26(6), Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles and cab-complete vehicles, excluding those referred to in the definition vocational vehicle in subsection 1(1),

      • (ii) Class 2B, Class 3, Class 4 and Class 5 vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles,

      • (iii) Class 6 and Class 7 vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles,

      • (iv) Class 8 vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles,

      • (v) Class 7 low-roof tractors and incomplete tractors,

      • (vi) Class 7 mid-roof tractors and incomplete tractors,

      • (vii) Class 7 high-roof tractors and incomplete tractors,

      • (viii) Class 8 low-roof day cab tractors and incomplete tractors,

      • (ix) Class 8 low-roof sleeper cab tractors and incomplete tractors,

      • (x) Class 8 mid-roof day cab tractors and incomplete tractors,

      • (xi) Class 8 mid-roof sleeper cab tractors and incomplete tractors,

      • (xii) Class 8 high-roof day cab tractors and incomplete tractors, or

      • (xiii) Class 8 high-roof sleeper cab tractors and incomplete tractors; and

    • (b) in the case of heavy-duty engines and subject to subsections (8) and (9), each fleet is composed solely of the engines referred to in one of the following subparagraphs:

      • (i) spark-ignition engines,

      • (ii) light heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines and that are designed to be used in vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles,

      • (iii) medium heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines and that are designed to be used in vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles,

      • (iv) heavy heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines and that are designed to be used in vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles,

      • (v) medium heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines and that are designed to be used in tractors and incomplete tractors, or

      • (vi) heavy heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines and that are designed to be used in tractors and incomplete tractors.

  • Marginal note:Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles

    (4) For the purposes of subparagraph (3)(a)(i), all of the following heavy-duty vehicles must be grouped into one separate fleet of Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles:

    • (a) hybrid vehicles with regenerative braking;

    • (b) vehicles equipped with an engine that includes a Rankine-cycle or other bottoming cycle exhaust energy recovery system;

    • (c) electric vehicles;

    • (d) fuel cell vehicles; and

    • (e) vehicles that are manufactured with innovative technologies.

  • Marginal note:Grouping into subfleets

    (5) For the purposes of subparagraph (3)(a)(i) and subsection 20(3), the vehicles in the fleet that exceed the standards set out in subsection 20(1) and have more than one N2O or CH4 family emission limits, must be grouped into subfleets that include vehicles with identical N2O or CH4 family emission limits, as the case may be, and that are of the same test group, as described in section 1827 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart S, of the CFR.

  • Marginal note:Tractors and vocational vehicles

    (6) For the purposes of subparagraphs (3)(a)(ii) to (xiii), all heavy-duty vehicles of a fleet must

    • (a) if applicable, be vocational tractors, hybrid vehicles with regenerative braking, vehicles equipped with an engine that includes a Rankine-cycle or other bottoming cycle exhaust energy recovery system, electric vehicles, fuel cell vehicles or vehicles manufactured with innovative technologies; and

    • (b) be grouped into subfleets that include vehicles with identical CO2 family emission limits if the vehicles in the fleet have more than one family emission limit.

  • Marginal note:Roof heights, cab types and GVWR

    (7) If a vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor model straddles a roof height, cab type or GVWR division, a company may elect to group all those vehicles into the same fleet if they conform to the most stringent standards applicable to a vehicle in the fleet.

  • Marginal note:Heavy-duty engines

    (8) For the purposes of paragraph (3)(b), all heavy-duty engines of a fleet must be of the same engine family and have, taking into account section 205(e) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1036, subpart C, of the CFR,

    • (a) an identical CO2 family certification level; and

    • (b) identical N2O and CH4 family emission limits.

  • Marginal note:Fleet of engines not sold in United States

    (9) For the purposes of subsection (8), the CO2 family certification level and the N2O and CH4 family emission limits for the model year in question are determined using the engine sales in Canada if none of the engines in the fleet are sold in the United States.

 
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