Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations (SOR/2013-24)

Regulations are current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2015-07-16. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Non EPA-certified vehicles
  •  (1) Heavy-duty vehicles that are imported or manufactured in Canada — other than EPA-certified heavy-duty vehicles that bear the label referred to in subparagraph 53(d)(i) — must bear a compliance label that sets out the following information:

    • (a) subject to subsection (2), the statement “THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE STANDARDS PRESCRIBED BY THE CANADIAN HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLE AND ENGINE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION REGULATIONS IN EFFECT FOR MODEL YEAR [MODEL YEAR] / CE VÉHICULE EST CONFORME À TOUTES LES NORMES QUI LUI SONT APPLICABLES EN VERTU DU RÈGLEMENT SUR LES ÉMISSIONS DE GAZ À EFFET DE SERRE DES VÉHICULES LOURDS ET DE LEURS MOTEURS DU CANADA EN VIGUEUR POUR L’ANNÉE DE MODÈLE [ANNÉE DE MODÈLE]”;

    • (b) the name of the vehicle’s manufacturer;

    • (c) the vehicle’s model year if a national emissions mark is applied to the vehicle;

    • (d) subject to subsection (3), the vehicle’s date of manufacture;

    • (e) the type of vehicle, in both official languages, referred to in subparagraphs 18(3)(a)(i) to (xiii);

    • (f) the vehicle family or the test group, as the case may be;

    • (g) the identification of the emission control system;

    • (h) in the case of a vocational vehicle referred to in subsection 26(3), a statement, in both official languages, that the vehicle is exempted under that subsection;

    • (i) in the case of a vocational tractor, a statement, in both official languages, that the vehicle is a vocational tractor;

    • (j) in the case of a vocational vehicle or a tractor that is exempted under section 17, a statement to that effect, in both official languages; and

    • (k) in the case of a Class 2B or Class 3 heavy-duty vehicle or cab-complete vehicle — excluding those referred to in the definition vocational vehicle in subsection 1(1) — the engine displacement and the CO2 emission value determined by variable A in accordance with subsection 23(1) for that vehicle configuration and if applicable, the N2O and CH4 family emission limits.

  • Marginal note:National emissions mark

    (2) Paragraph (1)(a) does not apply when a national emissions mark is applied to the vehicle or when the statement referred to in paragraph (1)(h) or (j) is set out on the label.

  • Marginal note:Date of manufacture

    (3) The date of manufacture referred to in paragraph (1)(d) may, instead of being set out on the label, be permanently affixed, engraved or stamped on the vehicle.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 63.
Marginal note:Requirements

 All the labels applied to a vehicle or engine, as the case may be, in accordance with sections 8 and 9, must

  • (a) be applied to a conspicuous and readily accessible location;

  • (b) be permanently attached to the vehicle and, in the case of an engine, be permanently attached to an engine part that is necessary for normal engine operation and does not normally require replacement during the engine’s useful life;

  • (c) be resistant to or protected against any weather condition;

  • (d) have lettering that is

    • (i) clear and indelible,

    • (ii) indented, embossed or in a colour that contrasts with the background colour of the label, and

    • (iii) in block capitals and numerals that are not less than 2 mm in height; and

  • (e) have units that are identified by the appropriate name or symbol.

Vehicles Manufactured in Stages

Marginal note:Requirements
  •  (1) If a company alters a heavy-duty vehicle or heavy-duty incomplete vehicle that was in conformity to these Regulations in such a manner that its stated type of vehicle referred to in subparagraphs 18(3)(a)(i) to (xiii) is no longer accurate, or if the company alters the emission control system, alters an engine configuration in a way that might affect emissions, or replaces any of the components of the vehicle that might alter the value of a parameter used in the GEM computer simulation model, the company must

    • (a) ensure that the U.S. emission control information label referred to in paragraph 53(d), the compliance label referred to in section 9 and the national emissions mark, as the case may be, remain applied to the altered vehicle;

    • (b) in respect of the work carried out by the company to alter the vehicle, ensure that the vehicle conforms to all applicable standards;

    • (c) subject to subsection (2), apply to the altered vehicle an additional label that sets out the following information:

      • (i) the words “THIS VEHICLE WAS ALTERED BY / CE VÉHICULE A ÉTÉ MODIFIÉ PAR”, followed by the name of the company that altered the vehicle,

      • (ii) the month and year during which the alteration was made to the vehicle,

      • (iii) the national emissions mark referred to in section 6, and

      • (iv) the type of vehicle referred to in subparagraphs 18(3)(a)(i) to (xiii), if it differs from the type set out on the compliance label referred to in section 9 or if the regulatory subcategory that is set out on the U.S. emission control information label is changed, as the case may be; and

    • (d) obtain and produce the evidence of conformity referred to in section 54 for the altered vehicle in a form and manner that is satisfactory to the Minister before the vehicle leaves its possession or control.

  • Marginal note:National emissions mark

    (2) The national emissions mark referred to in subparagraph (1)(c)(iii) may also be displayed on a label applied to the vehicle immediately beside the U.S. emission control information label or the compliance label referred to in section 9, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Non-participation in credit system

    (3) A company that alters a vehicle in accordance with this section must not participate in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47 with respect to that altered vehicle.

Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards

General

Heavy-duty Vehicles of the 2014 Model Year

Marginal note:January 1, 2014
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), these Regulations apply to vehicles for which the main assembly is completed on or after January 1, 2014.

  • Marginal note:Election

    (2) A company may elect to comply with these Regulations with respect to its heavy-duty vehicles of the 2014 model year for which the main assembly is completed before January 1, 2014 for the purpose of participation in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47.

Heavy-duty Vehicles and Engines Covered by an EPA Certificate

Marginal note:Conforming to EPA certificate
  •  (1) Subject to subsections (4) and (8), a heavy-duty vehicle or heavy-duty engine of a given model year that is covered by an EPA certificate and bears the label referred to in paragraph 53(d) must conform to the certification and in-use standards referred to in the EPA certificate instead of to the following standards, whichever apply:

    • (a) sections 14 to 16 and subsection 20(1) for Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles and cab-complete vehicles, excluding those referred to in the definition vocational vehicle in subsection 1(1);

    • (b) sections 14 and 15 and subsection 26(1) for vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles;

    • (c) sections 14 to 16 and subsection 27(1) for tractors and incomplete tractors; and

    • (d) sections 14 and 15 and subsection 29(1) and, as the case may be, section 30 or subsection 31(1) or (2) for heavy-duty engines.

  • Marginal note:Exceeding N2O or CH4 emission standard

    (2) For greater certainty, a company that manufactures or imports a Class 2B or Class 3 heavy-duty vehicle or cab-complete vehicle — excluding those referred to in the definition vocational vehicle in subsection 1(1) — or a heavy-duty engine that is covered by an EPA certificate and that conforms to a N2O or CH4 family emission limit that exceeds the N2O or CH4 emission standard applicable to the model year of that vehicle or engine under these Regulations, must conform to subsections 20(3) to (6) or 29(4) to (7), as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Comply with CO2 emission credit system

    (3) Despite subsection (1), when a company participates in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47 for its heavy-duty vehicles or heavy-duty engines that are covered by an EPA certificate, it must comply with the CO2 emission credit system provisions that relate to the emission standards referred to in subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Fleets — vehicles

    (4) A company that manufactures or imports a vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor that is covered by an EPA certificate and conforms to a CO2 family emission limit that exceeds the CO2 emission standard applicable to the model year of that vehicle under these Regulations, must participate in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47 and must, in accordance with section 18, group into fleets

    • (a) at least 50% of its vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles and at least 50% of its tractors and incomplete tractors of the 2015 model year if the number of heavy-duty vehicles it sold in Canada is greater than 500;

    • (b) at least 75% of its vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles and at least 75% of its tractors and incomplete tractors of the 2016 model year if the number of heavy-duty vehicles it sold in Canada is greater than 500; and

    • (c) all its 2017 and subsequent model year heavy-duty vehicles.

  • Marginal note:Credits — heavy-duty vehicles of 2015 and 2016 model years

    (5) Unless a company elects to group all its vocational vehicles, incomplete vocational vehicles, tractors and incomplete tractors into fleets, credits obtained under paragraph (4)(a) or (b), as the case may be, for an averaging set of heavy-duty vehicles of the 2015 or 2016 model year may only be used to offset a deficit incurred for that averaging set of the same model year, after which the credits are no longer valid.

  • Marginal note:If all vehicles grouped into fleets

    (6) For the purposes of subsection (4),

    • (a) credits obtained for the 2014 model year may be used to offset a deficit for an averaging set of the 2015 model year if the company groups into fleets all its vehicles of the 2014 and 2015 model years;

    • (b) credits obtained for the 2014 and 2015 model years may be used to offset a deficit for an averaging set of the 2016 model year if the company groups into fleets all its vehicles of the 2014, 2015 and 2016 model years; and

    • (c) credits obtained for the 2014, 2015 and 2016 model years may be used to offset a deficit for an averaging set of the 2017 or subsequent model year if the company groups into fleets all its vehicles of the 2014, 2015 and 2016 model years.

  • Marginal note:Early action credits

    (7) For the purposes of subsection (4), for an averaging set of the 2014, 2015 or 2016 model year, a company may use early action credits obtained in accordance with section 47 if the company groups into fleets all its vocational vehicles, incomplete vocational vehicles, tractors and incomplete tractors of the averaging set for the model year in which the early action credits are used.

  • Marginal note:Fleets — engines

    (8) A company that manufactures or imports an engine that is covered by an EPA certificate must group all its engines into fleets in accordance with section 18 and must participate in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47 if the following conditions are met:

    • (a) the engine conforms to a CO2 family certification level that exceeds the CO2 emission standard applicable to that engine’s model year under these Regulations; and

    • (b) the number of engines referred to in paragraph (a) sold in Canada by the company

      • (i) is more than 1000 and exceeds the number of engines of the same engine family that it sold in the United States, or

      • (ii) is between 101 and 1000 and is more than twice the number of engines of the same engine family that it sold in the United States.

  • Marginal note:Subsection 153(3) of Act

    (9) For the purposes of subsection 153(3) of the Act, the provisions of the CFR that apply to a vehicle or an engine referred to in subsection (1) under the EPA certificate correspond to the certification and in-use standards referred to in subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:EPA

    (10) For the purposes of subsection 153(3) of the Act, the EPA is the prescribed agency.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 64.
 
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