Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations (SOR/2013-24)

Regulations are current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2015-07-16. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Concurrent sale

 For the purposes of these Regulations, a vehicle or engine of a specific model year that is sold in Canada is considered to be sold concurrently in Canada and in the United States if a vehicle or engine of that model year that belongs to the same test group or engine family is offered for sale in the United States during the 365 days preceding

  • (a) in the case of a vehicle or engine that is imported into Canada, the day on which the vehicle or engine is imported; and

  • (b) in the case of a vehicle or engine that is manufactured in Canada,

    • (i) the day on which the national emissions mark is applied to the vehicle or engine, if known, or

    • (ii) if the day referred to in subparagraph (i) is not known, the day on which the main assembly of the vehicle or the manufacture of the engine, as the case may be, was completed.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 61.

Purpose

Marginal note:Purpose

 The purpose of these Regulations is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from heavy-duty vehicles and engines by establishing emission standards and test procedures that are aligned with the federal requirements of the United States.

Background

Marginal note:Background

 These Regulations set out

  • (a) prescribed classes of vehicles and engines for the purposes of section 149 of the Act;

  • (b) requirements respecting the conformity of heavy-duty vehicles and heavy-duty engines with greenhouse gas emission standards for the purposes of section 153 of the Act;

  • (c) requirements respecting the conformity of fleets of heavy-duty vehicles and heavy-duty engines to greenhouse gas emission standards and other requirements for carrying out the purposes of Division 5 of Part 7 of the Act; and

  • (d) a credit system for the purposes of section 162 of the Act.

Model Year

Marginal note:Model year
  •  (1) A year that is used by a manufacturer as a model year must,

    • (a) if the period of production of a model of heavy-duty vehicle or heavy-duty engine does not include January 1 of a calendar year, correspond to the calendar year during which the period of production falls; or

    • (b) if the period of production of a model of heavy-duty vehicle or heavy-duty engine includes January 1 of a calendar year, correspond to that calendar year.

  • Marginal note:Period of production

    (2) The period of production of a model of heavy-duty vehicle or heavy-duty engine must include only one January 1.

Prescribed Classes of Vehicles and Engines

Marginal note:Heavy-duty vehicles
  •  (1) The following classes of vehicles are prescribed for the purposes of the definition vehicle in section 149 of the Act:

    • (a) Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles;

    • (b) vocational vehicles;

    • (c) tractors; and

    • (d) heavy-duty incomplete vehicles.

  • Marginal note:Heavy-duty engines

    (2) Heavy-duty engines are prescribed for the purposes of the definition engine in section 149 of the Act.

  • Marginal note:Exclusion

    (3) The prescribed classes of vehicles and engines referred to in subsections (1) and (2) do not include heavy-duty vehicles or heavy-duty engines that are to be exported and that are accompanied by written evidence establishing that they will not be sold for use or used in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Transportation within Canada — heavy-duty vehicles

    (4) For the purposes of section 152 of the Act, the prescribed vehicles are the vehicles referred to in subsection (1) for which the main assembly is completed in Canada, other than a vehicle that will be used in Canada solely for purposes of exhibition, demonstration, evaluation or testing.

  • Marginal note:Transportation within Canada — heavy-duty engines

    (5) For the purposes of section 152 of the Act, the prescribed engines are the engines referred to in subsection (2) that are manufactured in Canada, other than

    • (a) an engine that will be used in Canada solely for purposes of exhibition, demonstration, evaluation or testing;

    • (b) an engine that is to be installed in a heavy-duty vehicle before sale to the vehicle’s first retail purchaser; and

    • (c) an engine that is to be installed as a replacement engine in a heavy-duty vehicle that has a national emissions mark applied to it, if the replacement engine is

      • (i) of the same model year as the original engine, and

      • (ii) identical to or better than the original engine with respect to emissions.

National Emissions Mark

Marginal note:Application
  •  (1) A company that intends to apply a national emissions mark to a vehicle or engine for the purposes of these Regulations must apply to the Minister to obtain an authorization in accordance with paragraphs 7(2)(a) to (c) and (e) of the On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations and the application must include the street address where the records referred to in section 59 of these Regulations will be maintained.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a company that, on the day on which these Regulations come into force, is authorized to apply the national emissions mark to a vehicle or engine under the On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations.

Marginal note:National emissions mark

 A company that applies a national emissions mark to a vehicle or engine must comply with section 8 of the On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations.

Labelling

Marginal note:Non EPA-certified engines
  •  (1) Heavy-duty engines and the engines referred to in section 25 that are imported or manufactured in Canada — other than EPA-certified engines that bear the label referred to in subparagraph 53(d)(ii) — must bear a compliance label that sets out the following information:

    • (a) subject to subsection (2), the statement “THIS ENGINE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE STANDARDS PRESCRIBED BY THE CANADIAN HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLE AND ENGINE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION REGULATIONS IN EFFECT FOR MODEL YEAR [MODEL YEAR] / CE MOTEUR EST CONFORME À TOUTES LES NORMES QUI LUI SONT APPLICABLES EN VERTU DU RÈGLEMENT SUR LES ÉMISSIONS DE GAZ À EFFET DE SERRE DES VÉHICULES LOURDS ET DE LEURS MOTEURS DU CANADA EN VIGUEUR POUR L’ANNÉE DE MODÈLE [ANNÉE DE MODÈLE]”;

    • (b) the name of the engine’s manufacturer;

    • (c) the engine’s model year if a national emissions mark is applied to the engine;

    • (d) subject to subsection (3), the engine’s date of manufacture;

    • (e) subject to subsection (3), the engine’s unique identification number;

    • (f) the model designations;

    • (g) the engine displacement;

    • (h) the identification of the emission control system;

    • (i) the engine family or the test group, as the case may be;

    • (j) the limits on the types of use for the engine to ensure that the emission standards set out in these Regulations are complied with;

    • (k) the engine specifications and adjustments recommended by the engine’s manufacturer;

    • (l) in the case of a spark-ignition engine, the valve lash, idle speed, ignition timing and idle air-fuel mixture setting procedure and value; and

    • (m) in the case of a compression-ignition engine, the engine power specified by the manufacturer and expressed in HP, the RPM at the specified horsepower, the fuel rate at the specified horsepower expressed in mm3 per stroke, the valve lash, idle speed and initial injection timing.

  • Marginal note:National emissions mark

    (2) Paragraph (1)(a) does not apply when a national emissions mark is applied to the engine.

  • Marginal note:Date of manufacture and unique identification number

    (3) The engine’s date of manufacture referred to in paragraph (1)(d) and unique identification number referred to in paragraph (1)(e) may, instead of being set out on the label, be permanently affixed, engraved or stamped on the engine.

  • Marginal note:Engines referred to in section 25

    (4) In the case of spark-ignition engines referred to in section 25, the label referred to in subsection (1) must also set out one of the following statements, whichever applies:

    • (a) a statement in both official languages that the engine conforms to the alternative greenhouse gas emission standards for engines of Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles; or

    • (b) the statement referred to in section 150(m)(4) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart B, of the CFR.

  • Marginal note:Engines referred to in subsection 31(1)

    (5) In the case of compression-ignition engines referred to in subsection 31(1), the label referred to in subsection (1) must also set out one of the following statements, whichever applies:

    • (a) a statement in both official languages that the engine conforms to the alternative CO2 emission standard based on model year 2011 compression-ignition engines; or

    • (b) the statement referred to in section 620(d) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1036, subpart G, of the CFR.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 62.
 
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