Canada Elections Act (S.C. 2000, c. 9)

Act current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2016-01-01. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Inclusion in register
  •  (1) An application for registration and special ballot may be made by an elector. It shall be in the prescribed form and shall include

    • (a) satisfactory proof of the elector’s identity;

    • (b) if paragraph 222(1)(b) does not apply in respect of the elector, proof of the applicability of an exception set out in subsection 222(2);

    • (c) the elector’s date of birth;

    • (d) the date the elector left Canada;

    • (e) the address of the elector’s last place of ordinary residence in Canada before he or she left Canada or the address of the place of ordinary residence in Canada of the spouse, the common-law partner or a relative of the elector, a relative of the elector’s spouse or common-law partner, a person in relation to whom the elector is a dependant or a person with whom the elector would live but for his or her residing temporarily outside Canada;

    • (f) the date on which the elector intends to resume residence in Canada;

    • (g) the elector’s mailing address outside Canada; and

    • (h) any other information that the Chief Electoral Officer considers necessary to determine the elector’s entitlement to vote or the electoral district in which he or she may vote.

  • Marginal note:Optional information

    (2) In addition to the information specified in subsection (1), the Chief Electoral Officer may request that the elector provide other information that the Chief Electoral Officer considers necessary for implementing agreements made under section 55, but the elector is not required to provide that information.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 223, c. 12, s. 40.
Marginal note:Prohibition — change of address

 The address chosen as the place of ordinary residence in Canada in the application for registration and special ballot cannot be changed after the elector’s name is entered in the register.

Marginal note:Information to be provided

 The Chief Electoral Officer may require an elector whose name appears in the register to provide, within the time fixed by the Chief Electoral Officer, any information that is necessary to update the register.

Marginal note:Deletion of names from register

 The Chief Electoral Officer shall delete from the register the name of an elector who

  • (a) does not provide the information referred to in section 225 within the time fixed by the Chief Electoral Officer;

  • (b) makes a signed request to the Chief Electoral Officer to have his or her name deleted from the register;

  • (c) has died and concerning whom a request has been received to have the elector’s name deleted from the register, to which request is attached a death certificate or other documentary evidence of the death;

  • (d) returns to Canada to reside;

  • (e) cannot be contacted; or

  • (f) except for an elector to whom any of paragraphs 222(2)(a) to (d) applies, has resided outside Canada for five consecutive years or more.

Marginal note:Sending of special ballot and envelopes
  •  (1) After approving an application for registration and special ballot and after the issue of the writs, the Chief Electoral Officer shall send a special ballot, an inner envelope and an outer envelope to every elector whose name is entered in the register, at the address referred to in paragraph 223(1)(g).

  • Marginal note:Voting by special ballot

    (2) An elector shall vote by special ballot by

    • (a) writing the name of the candidate of his or her choice on the ballot;

    • (b) placing the ballot in the inner envelope and sealing it;

    • (c) placing the inner envelope in the outer envelope; and

    • (d) signing the declaration on the outer envelope and sealing it.

  • Marginal note:Writing candidate’s name

    (3) The candidate shall be indicated on a special ballot by writing the candidate’s given name or initials and surname. If two or more candidates have the same name, their political affiliation shall be indicated.

Marginal note:Sending of outer envelope

 An elector shall send the sealed outer envelope to the Chief Electoral Officer

  • (a) by mail or any other means; or

  • (b) by delivering it to a Canadian Embassy, Canadian High Commission or Canadian Consular Office, to a Canadian Forces base or to any place that the Chief Electoral Officer may designate.

Marginal note:Deadline for return of vote

 The special ballot must arrive at the office of the Chief Electoral Officer in Ottawa not later than 6:00 p.m. on polling day in order to be counted.

Marginal note:Responsibilities of elector

 For the purpose of this Division, an elector has the sole responsibility to ensure that

  • (a) his or her application for registration and special ballot is made within the period specified; and

  • (b) his or her special ballot is received within the period specified to be counted.

DIVISION 4Electors Residing in Canada

Definition of elector

 For the purpose of this Division, elector means an elector, other than a Canadian Forces elector or an incarcerated elector, who resides in Canada and who wishes to vote in accordance with this Division.

Marginal note:Conditions for voting by special ballot

 An elector may vote under this Division if his or her application for registration and special ballot is received after the issue of the writs and before 6:00 p.m. on the 6th day before polling day

  • (a) by a returning officer in an electoral district; or

  • (b) by the special voting rules administrator.

Marginal note:Information required for application
  •  (1) The application for registration and special ballot shall be in the prescribed form and shall include the following information:

    • (a) the elector’s name and place of ordinary residence;

    • (b) the elector’s date of birth;

    • (c) satisfactory proof of the elector’s identity and residence;

    • (d) the elector’s mailing address; and

    • (e) any other information that the Chief Electoral Officer considers necessary to determine the elector’s entitlement to vote or the electoral district in which he or she may vote.

  • Marginal note:Electors in danger

    (1.1) An elector who would be under reasonable apprehension of bodily harm if he or she were to indicate the mailing address of his or her dwelling place for the purpose of paragraph (1)(d) may apply to the returning officer or special voting rules administrator to use another address for that purpose. The returning officer or special voting rules administrator, unless he or she considers that it would not be in the public interest to do so, shall grant the application and shall not reveal that other address except as required to send the special ballot to the elector. For greater certainty, the granting of the application does not change the elector’s place of ordinary residence for the purposes of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Optional information

    (2) In addition to the information specified in subsection (1), the Chief Electoral Officer may request that the elector provide other information that the Chief Electoral Officer considers necessary to implement agreements made under section 55, but the elector is not required to provide that information.

  • Marginal note:Information provided

    (3) An elector who makes an application for registration and special ballot shall indicate whether his or her name is already on a list of electors.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 233;
  • 2014, c. 12, s. 59.
Marginal note:Name of elector previously included on list of electors
  •  (1) The special voting rules administrator shall inform the returning officer of any elector whose name is on a list of electors for the returning officer’s electoral district and who has received a special ballot from another electoral district. The returning officer shall indicate on the list of electors that the elector has received a special ballot.

  • Marginal note:Name of elector not previously included on list

    (2) If an elector’s name is not already included on a list of electors, the special voting rules administrator shall so inform the returning officer for the electoral district in which the elector is to vote by special ballot. The returning officer shall enter the elector’s name on the list of electors for the appropriate polling division in that electoral district and shall indicate that the elector has received a special ballot.

 
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