Criminal Code

Version of section 753.1 from 2012-08-09 to 2014-12-05:

Marginal note:Application for finding that an offender is a long-term offender
  •  (1) The court may, on application made under this Part following the filing of an assessment report under subsection 752.1(2), find an offender to be a long-term offender if it is satisfied that

    • (a) it would be appropriate to impose a sentence of imprisonment of two years or more for the offence for which the offender has been convicted;

    • (b) there is a substantial risk that the offender will reoffend; and

    • (c) there is a reasonable possibility of eventual control of the risk in the community.

  • Marginal note:Substantial risk

    (2) The court shall be satisfied that there is a substantial risk that the offender will reoffend if

    • (a) the offender has been convicted of an offence under section 151 (sexual interference), 152 (invitation to sexual touching) or 153 (sexual exploitation), subsection 163.1(2) (making child pornography), 163.1(3) (distribution, etc., of child pornography), 163.1(4) (possession of child pornography) or 163.1(4.1) (accessing child pornography), section 170 (parent or guardian procuring sexual activity), 171 (householder permitting sexual activity), 171.1 (making sexually explicit material available to child), 172.1 (luring a child) or 172.2 (agreement or arrangement — sexual offence against child), subsection 173(2) (exposure), 212(2) (living on the avails of prostitution of person under eighteen), 212(2.1) (aggravated offence in relation to living on the avails of prostitution of a person under the age of eighteen years) or 212(4) (offence — prostitution of person under eighteen) or section 271 (sexual assault), 272 (sexual assault with a weapon) or 273 (aggravated sexual assault), or has engaged in serious conduct of a sexual nature in the commission of another offence of which the offender has been convicted; and

    • (b) the offender

      • (i) has shown a pattern of repetitive behaviour, of which the offence for which he or she has been convicted forms a part, that shows a likelihood of the offender’s causing death or injury to other persons or inflicting severe psychological damage on other persons, or

      • (ii) by conduct in any sexual matter including that involved in the commission of the offence for which the offender has been convicted, has shown a likelihood of causing injury, pain or other evil to other persons in the future through similar offences.

  • Marginal note:Sentence for long-term offender

    (3) If the court finds an offender to be a long-term offender, it shall

    • (a) impose a sentence for the offence for which the offender has been convicted, which must be a minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of two years; and

    • (b) order that the offender be subject to long-term supervision for a period that does not exceed 10 years.

  • Marginal note:Exception — if application made after sentencing

    (3.1) The court may not impose a sentence under paragraph (3)(a) and the sentence that was imposed for the offence for which the offender was convicted stands despite the offender’s being found to be a long-term offender, if the application was one that

    • (a) was made after the offender begins to serve the sentence in a case to which paragraphs 753(2)(a) and (b) apply; and

    • (b) was treated as an application under this section further to the court deciding to do so under paragraph 753(5)(a).

  • (4) and (5) [Repealed, 2008, c. 6, s. 44]

  • Marginal note:If offender not found to be long-term offender

    (6) If the court does not find an offender to be a long-term offender, the court shall impose sentence for the offence for which the offender has been convicted.

  • 1997, c. 17, s. 4;
  • 2002, c. 13, s. 76;
  • 2008, c. 6, s. 44;
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 36.
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