Criminal Code

Version of section 462.37 from 2003-01-01 to 2005-11-24:

Marginal note:Order of forfeiture of property on conviction
  •  (1) Subject to this section and sections 462.39 to 462.41, where an offender is convicted, or discharged under section 730, of a designated offence and the court imposing sentence on the offender, on application of the Attorney General, is satisfied, on a balance of probabilities, that any property is proceeds of crime and that the designated offence was committed in relation to that property, the court shall order that the property be forfeited to Her Majesty to be disposed of as the Attorney General directs or otherwise dealt with in accordance with the law.

  • Marginal note:Proceeds of crime derived from other offences

    (2) Where the evidence does not establish to the satisfaction of the court that the designated offence of which the offender is convicted, or discharged under section 730, was committed in relation to property in respect of which an order of forfeiture would otherwise be made under subsection (1) but the court is satisfied, beyond a reasonable doubt, that that property is proceeds of crime, the court may make an order of forfeiture under subsection (1) in relation to that property.

  • Marginal note:Property outside Canada

    (2.1) An order may be issued under this section in respect of property situated outside Canada, with any modifications that the circumstances require.

  • Marginal note:Fine instead of forfeiture

    (3) Where a court is satisfied that an order of forfeiture under subsection (1) should be made in respect of any property of an offender, but that that property or any part thereof or interest therein cannot be made subject to such an order and, in particular,

    • (a) cannot, on the exercise of due diligence, be located,

    • (b) has been transferred to a third party,

    • (c) is located outside Canada,

    • (d) has been substantially diminished in value or rendered worthless, or

    • (e) has been commingled with other property that cannot be divided without difficulty,

    the court may, instead of ordering that property or part thereof or interest therein to be forfeited pursuant to subsection (1), order the offender to pay a fine in an amount equal to the value of that property, part or interest.

  • Marginal note:Imprisonment in default of payment of fine

    (4) Where a court orders an offender to pay a fine pursuant to subsection (3), the court shall

    • (a) impose, in default of payment of that fine, a term of imprisonment

      • (i) not exceeding six months, where the amount of the fine does not exceed ten thousand dollars,

      • (ii) of not less than six months and not exceeding twelve months, where the amount of the fine exceeds ten thousand dollars but does not exceed twenty thousand dollars,

      • (iii) of not less than twelve months and not exceeding eighteen months, where the amount of the fine exceeds twenty thousand dollars but does not exceed fifty thousand dollars,

      • (iv) of not less than eighteen months and not exceeding two years, where the amount of the fine exceeds fifty thousand dollars but does not exceed one hundred thousand dollars,

      • (v) of not less than two years and not exceeding three years, where the amount of the fine exceeds one hundred thousand dollars but does not exceed two hundred and fifty thousand dollars,

      • (vi) of not less than three years and not exceeding five years, where the amount of the fine exceeds two hundred and fifty thousand dollars but does not exceed one million dollars, or

      • (vii) of not less than five years and not exceeding ten years, where the amount of the fine exceeds one million dollars; and

    • (b) direct that the term of imprisonment imposed pursuant to paragraph (a) be served consecutively to any other term of imprisonment imposed on the offender or that the offender is then serving.

  • Marginal note:Fine option program not available to offender

    (5) Section 736 does not apply to an offender against whom a fine is imposed pursuant to subsection (3).

  • R.S., 1985, c. 42 (4th Supp.), s. 2;
  • 1992, c. 1, s. 60(F);
  • 1995, c. 22, s. 10;
  • 1999, c. 5, s. 15(F);
  • 2001, c. 32, s. 19.
Date modified: