Criminal Code

Version of section 254 from 2003-01-01 to 2008-07-01:

Marginal note:Definitions
  •  (1) In this section and sections 255 to 258,

    analyst

    analyste

    analyst means a person designated by the Attorney General as an analyst for the purposes of section 258; (analyste)

    approved container

    contenant approuvé

    approved container means

    • (a) in respect of breath samples, a container of a kind that is designed to receive a sample of the breath of a person for analysis and is approved as suitable for the purposes of section 258 by order of the Attorney General of Canada, and

    • (b) in respect of blood samples, a container of a kind that is designed to receive a sample of the blood of a person for analysis and is approved as suitable for the purposes of section 258 by order of the Attorney General of Canada; (contenant approuvé)

    approved instrument

    alcootest approuvé

    approved instrument means an instrument of a kind that is designed to receive and make an analysis of a sample of the breath of a person in order to measure the concentration of alcohol in the blood of that person and is approved as suitable for the purposes of section 258 by order of the Attorney General of Canada; (alcootest approuvé)

    approved screening device

    appareil de détection approuvé

    approved screening device means a device of a kind that is designed to ascertain the presence of alcohol in the blood of a person and that is approved for the purposes of this section by order of the Attorney General of Canada; (appareil de détection approuvé)

    qualified medical practitioner

    médecin qualifié

    qualified medical practitioner means a person duly qualified by provincial law to practise medicine; (médecin qualifié)

    qualified technician

    technicien qualifié

    qualified technician means,

    • (a) in respect of breath samples, a person designated by the Attorney General as being qualified to operate an approved instrument, and

    • (b) in respect of blood samples, any person or person of a class of persons designated by the Attorney General as being qualified to take samples of blood for the purposes of this section and sections 256 and 258. (technicien qualifié)

  • Marginal note:Testing for presence of alcohol in the blood

    (2) Where a peace officer reasonably suspects that a person who is operating a motor vehicle or vessel or operating or assisting in the operation of an aircraft or of railway equipment or who has the care or control of a motor vehicle, vessel or aircraft or of railway equipment, whether it is in motion or not, has alcohol in the person’s body, the peace officer may, by demand made to that person, require the person to provide forthwith such a sample of breath as in the opinion of the peace officer is necessary to enable a proper analysis of the breath to be made by means of an approved screening device and, where necessary, to accompany the peace officer for the purpose of enabling such a sample of breath to be taken.

  • Marginal note:Samples of breath or blood where reasonable belief of commission of offence

    (3) Where a peace officer believes on reasonable and probable grounds that a person is committing, or at any time within the preceding three hours has committed, as a result of the consumption of alcohol, an offence under section 253, the peace officer may, by demand made to that person forthwith or as soon as practicable, require that person to provide then or as soon thereafter as is practicable

    • (a) such samples of the person’s breath as in the opinion of a qualified technician, or

    • (b) where the peace officer has reasonable and probable grounds to believe that, by reason of any physical condition of the person,

      • (i) the person may be incapable of providing a sample of his breath, or

      • (ii) it would be impracticable to obtain a sample of the person’s breath,

      such samples of the person’s blood, under the conditions referred to in subsection (4), as in the opinion of the qualified medical practitioner or qualified technician taking the samples

    are necessary to enable proper analysis to be made in order to determine the concentration, if any, of alcohol in the person’s blood, and to accompany the peace officer for the purpose of enabling such samples to be taken.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (4) Samples of blood may only be taken from a person pursuant to a demand made by a peace officer under subsection (3) if the samples are taken by or under the direction of a qualified medical practitioner and the qualified medical practitioner is satisfied that the taking of those samples would not endanger the life or health of the person.

  • Marginal note:Failure or refusal to provide sample

    (5) Every one commits an offence who, without reasonable excuse, fails or refuses to comply with a demand made to him by a peace officer under this section.

  • Marginal note:Only one conviction for failure to comply with demand

    (6) A person who is convicted of an offence committed under subsection (5) for a failure or refusal to comply with a demand made under subsection (2) or paragraph (3)(a) or (b) in respect of any transaction may not be convicted of another offence committed under subsection (5) in respect of the same transaction.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 254;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 36, c. 1 (4th Supp.), ss. 14, 18(F), c. 32 (4th Supp.), s. 60;
  • 1999, c. 32, s. 2(Preamble).
Date modified: